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Full text of "Transactions of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society"

1941 



YEAR BOOK 

OF THE 

MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL 

SOCIETY 




WITH THE 

ANNUAL REPORTS 
for 1940 



uz 



^7571 



Foreword 



The Committee on Lectures and Publications lias 
the honor to present herewith the eighteenth number 
of the Society's Year Book, with whicli is combined 
the annual reports for the year 1940. 

Elmer D. Merrill, Chairman. 
Boston, Mass. 
May 5, 1941. 



Table of Contents 

Foreword 3 

Officers for 1941 9 

Committees for 1941 11 

Medals and Certificates Awarded in 1940 13 

Special Medal Awards in 1940 20 

Albert C. Burrage Gold Vase Awards 28 

Garden Committee Awards 31 

Medals of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society .... 35 

Exhibits at the Spring Flower Show in 1941 41 

Horticultural Society Dinner in 1832 53 

Exhibitions in 1941 54 

Periodicals Received, 1940 55 

Library Accessions 62 

Gifts to the Library 69 

Garden Club* Not Members of Massachusetts Federation . 72 

Necrology 77 

The Late Mrs. Bayard Thayer 78 

Benevolent Fraternity Fruit and Flower Mission .... 79 

Annual Meeting, 1941 83 

The President's Address 83 

Report of the Secretary 86 

Report of the Treasurer 89 

Report of the Library Committee 98 

Report of the Committee on Exhibitions 100 

Report of the Committee on Prizes 103 

The Result of the Balloting 105 

Corresponding Members 106 



List of Illustrations 

Charles K. Cumniings 10 

Aubrey B. Butler 12 

Porch of Mrs. Abbot Peterson, awarded Gold Medal in 1940 . 19 

Sir Arthur William Hill 20 

George H. Pring 21 

G. G. Nearing 21 

William A. Dayton 22 

F. A. Bartlett 22 

A. T. De La Mare 23 

Arthur Herrington 23 

The Albert C. Burr age Gold Vase 28 

The 1940 Exhibit of Cherry Hill Nurseries, Inc 29 

Copy of Scroll awarded City of Boston, 1940 30 

Rock plants on the grounds of Mr. and Mrs. Clement S. 

Houghton 31 

The Parlin School, City of Everett 32 

The Centennial Medal, bearing the seal of the Society ... 35 

The George Robert White Medal of Honor and the 

Horatio Hoilis Hunnewell Medal 30 

The Society's Medal, the Thomas Roland Medal and the 

Jackson Dawson Memorial Medal 38 

The estate of Mr. and Mrs. Clement S. Houghton which whs 

awarded the H. H. Hunnewell Medal 40 

Exhibits at the Spring Flower Show in 1941 42-52 

Camellia Exhibit by Mrs. J. D. Cameron Bradley .... 61 

Flower arrangement class directed by Mrs. Arthur P. Teele . 80 
General view of the Autumn Exhibition in 

Horticultural Hall . 82 

Mr. Herbert R. Redden's Exhibit at the Harvest Show, 1940 87 

Harvest Show Exhibit, 1940, by Dr. Thomas Barbour ... 100 

Cornucopia Exhibit of Massachusetts State College, 

Harvest Show, 1940 101 

Harvest Show Exhibit, 1940, by J. F. Cummings 102 

Gourd Exhibit, Harvest Show, 1940, by Mrs. Edward M. 

Stuart 103 

Harvest Show Exhibit, 1940, by Mr. L. G. Bruggemarm . . .104 



THE BOARD OF GOVERNMENT 

OF THE 

MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL 
SOCIETY 

President 
EDWIN S. WEBSTER 

Vice-Presidents 

William Ellery 
Charles K. Cummings 

Trustees 
*John S. Ames Samuel J. Goddard (1944) 

Aubrey Butler (1942) Walter Hunnewell (1943) 

George W. Butterworth (1943) Harlan P. Kelsey (1942) 

Winthrop L. Carter (1943) Elmer D. Merrill (1944) 

Miss Marian R. Case (1942) Harold S. Ross (1944) 

Mrs. S. V. R. Crosby (1943) Fletcher Steele (1942) 

Mrs. John Gardner Coolidge (1943) Robert G. Stone (1944) 
* Charles K. Cummings Mrs. Roger S. Warner (1942) 

*William Ellery *Edwin S. Webster 

William P. Wolcott (1944) 

Honorary Trustee 
Professor Oakes Ames 

Treasurer 
John S. Ames 

Assistant Treasurer 
Walter Hunnewell 

Secretary 
Edward I. Farrington 

* Members ex officio. 
Dates given are those of expiration of terms. 




Mr. Charles K. Cummings 
Elected vice-president at the annual meeting, May 5, 1941. 



COMMITTEES OF THE SOCIETY 
For the Year Ending May 4, 1942 

Executive Committee 

EDWIN S. WEBSTER, Chairman 

JOHN S. AMES WILLIAM ELLERY 

CHARLES K. CUMMINGS WALTER HUNNEWELL 

Finance Committee 

EDWIN S. WEBSTER, Chairman 

JOHN S. AMES ROBERT G. STONE 

Budget Committee 

EDWIN S. WEBSTER, Chairman 

JOHN S. AMES WILLIAM ELLERY 

CHARLES K. CUMMINGS ROBERT G. STONE WALTER HUNNEWELL 

Membership Committee 

WINTHROP L. CARTER, Chairman 

GEORGE W. BUTTERWORTH MRS. ROGER S. WARNER 

Committee on Exhibitions 

RAY M. KOON, Chairman 

SAMUEL J. GODDARD ELMER D. MERRILL 

SETH L. KELSEY THOMAS MILNE 

Committee on Prizes 

WILLIAM P. WOLCOTT, Chairman 

JOSEPH T. DAVIS WALTER HUNNEWELL 

GEORGE HEWITT EDWARD F. NORBERG 

Committee on Library 

CHARLES K. CUMMINGS, Chairman 

MRS. S. V. R. CROSBY MRS. ROGER S. WARNER 

Committee on Lectures and Publications 

ELMER D. MERRILL, Chairman 

MISS MARIAN ROBY CASE MRS. JOHN G. COOLIDGE 

Committee on Special Medals 

HAROLD S. ROSS, Chairman 
AUBREY BUTLER RAY M. KOON 

HARLAN P. KELSEY WILLIAM P. WOLCOTT 

Committee on Gardens 

GEORGE W. BUTTERWORTH, Chairman 

WINTHROP L. CARTER FLETCHER STEELE 

HAROLD S. ROSS ROBERT G. STONE 

Committee on Building 

CHARLES K. CUMMINGS, Chairman 

GEORGE W. BUTTERWORTH SAMUEL J. GODDARD 

Committee on Children's Gardens Exhibitions 

SAMUEL J. GODDARD, Chairman 

DANIEL W. O'BRIEN MRS. HENRY D. TUDOR 

Committee on the Albert C. Burrage Gold Vase 

WALTER HUNNEWELL, Chairman 

ALBERT C. BURRAGE, JR. HAROLD S. ROSS 

RAY M. KOON WILLIAM P. WOLCOTT 

Nominating Committee 
GEORGE W. BUTTERWORTH MRS. JOHN GARDNER COOLIDGE 

WINTHROP L. CARTER MRS. S. V. R. CROSBY 

WALTER HUNNEWELL 




Mr. Aubrey B. Butler 
Elected a trustee at the annual meeting. May 5, 1941. 



Medals and Certificates Awarded 

in 1940 

The Albert C. Burr age Gold Vase 
Cherry Hill Nurseries, for a comprehensive exhibit of peonies, rhodo- 
dendrons and azaleas at the June Show. 

George Robert White Medal of Honor 
Sir Arthur William Hill, director of the Royal Botanic Garden, Kew, 
England. 

Thomas Roland Medal 

George H. Pring, Missouri Botanical Garden, for his work in breeding 
and propagation of orchids and water lilies. 

Jackson Dawson Memorial Medal 
Guy G. Nearing, Ridgewood, N. J., for new varieties of rhododendrons. 

H. H. Hunnewell Medal 
Estate of Mr. and Mrs. Clement S. Houghton, Chestnut Hill. 

President's Cup 
Wm. T. Walke & Sons, Inc., for a group of amaryllis at the Spring Show. 

Gold Medal of the Horticultural Society of New York 
The Rose Garden, Massachusetts Garden Clubs Exhibition Committee, 
Mrs. William Stuart Forbes, designer, North Shore Garden Club, at 
the Spring Show. 

Gold Medal of the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society 
Mrs. Galen L. Stone, for a group of acacias at the Spring Show. 

Trophy of the Massachusetts Department of Agriculture 
Joseph Breck & Sons, for daffodil exhibits at the Spring Show. 

Bronze Bulkley Medal of the Garden Club of America 
New England Wild Flower Preservation Society, Inc., and Will C. Curtis, 
for a nature trail at the Spring Show. 

Gold Medal of the American Rock Garden Society 
Ormond Hamilton, for a rock garden at the Spring Show. 

Trophy of the Popularity Contest 
Harlan P. Kelsey, Inc., for a bog garden at the Spring Show. 

Camellia Picture 
G. P. Gardner, Jr., for a display of camellias. 

Crystal Bowl 
Rocco Zeparo, for Camellia Chandleri elegans, best bloom in the show. 

13 



14 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Crystal Vases 

A. Frylink & Sons, Inc., for Daffodil Daisy Schaeffer, best bloom in the 

show. 
Mrs. R. M. Saltonstall, for Tulip Jessey, best bloom in the show. 

Large Gold Medals 

Dr. William A. Dayton, senior forest ecologist, Division of Range 

Research, United States Forest Service. 
F. A. Bartlett, Stamford, Conn., for his scientific work in the study of 

tree diseases. 
A. T. De La Mare, publisher of The Florist's Exchange, for his papers and 

books on commercial horticulture and floriculture. 
Arthur Herrington, manager of the New York Flower Show, dean of 

flower show managers in this country. 

Gold Medals 

Stuart Bastow, Jr., for a display of tuberous-rooted begonia seedlings. 
Bay State Nurseries, Inc., for an outdoor living room and foundation 

planting at the Spring Show. 
Borst & Fraser, for an English manor house garden at the Spring Show. 
Joseph Breck & Sons, for a display of daffodils at the Spring Show. 
Mrs. Frederick F. Brewster, for a bulb border at the Spring Show. 
Butterworth's, for a section of a tropical orchid lover's slat house with 
orchids and accessory plants arranged for effect at the Spring Show. 
Cape Cod Horticultural Society, Inc., for a Spring garden at the Spring 

Show. 
Cherry Hill Nurseries, for an azalea, kalmia and rhododendron hillside 

at the Spring Show. 
Cherry Hill Nurseries, for a comprehensive exhibit of peonies, rhodo- 
dendrons and azaleas. 
William N. Craig, for a collection of rock and alpine plants including 

bulbous material at the Spring Show. 
Mr. and Mrs. Francis B. Crowninshield, for a chrysanthemum garden. 
Mr. and Mrs. Francis B. Crowninshield, for a Spring garden at the 

Spring Show. 
The Downs' Estate, for a group of cymbidiums at the Spring Show. 
Sherman W. Eddy, for a planting around an old mill at the Spring Show. 
Fisher Museum, Harvard Forest, for forest dioramas. 
Gardner Museum, for a group of flowering plants at the Spring Show. 
Ormond Hamilton, for a rock garden at the Spring Show. 
Alexander I. Heimlich, for a rock garden at the Spring Show. 
Harlan P. Kelsey, Inc., for a bog garden at the Spring Show. 
Massachusetts State College and the Waltham Field Station, for a display 

of vegetables. 
New England Wild Flower Preservation Society, Inc., and Will C. Curtis, 

for a nature trail at the Spring Show. 
Edward F. Norberg, Jr., for a group of hydrangeas at the Spring Show. 



MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES AWARDED IN 1940 15 

Mrs. Abbot Peterson, Brookline, for a porch overlooking a garden. 

A. N. Pierson, Inc., for a display of roses at the Spring Show. 

The Rose Garden, Massachusetts Garden Clubs Exhibition Committee, 

Mrs. William Stuart Forbes, designer, North Shore Garden Club, at 

the Spring Show. 
Mrs. Galen L. Stone, for a group of acacias at the Spring Show. 
Mrs. H. M. Tilford, winner of the most points at the Autumn Show in 

New York. 
United States Cut Flower Company, for a display of roses at the Spring 

Show. 
Wm. T. Walke & Sons, Inc., for a group of amaryllis at the Spring Show. 
Edwin S. Webster, for a bulb border at the Spring Show. 
Edwin S. Webster, for a group of orchids. 
Edwin S. Webster, for a group of orchids at the Spring Show. 
"The Weeders" (at Philadelphia), for treatment of garden steps. 
Weston Nurseries, Inc., for a garden with a Summer house at the Spring 

Show. 

Silver Medals 

Dr. Thomas Barbour, for a display of vegetables. 

George P. Barr, for a display of carnations at the Spring Show. 

Ernest Borowski, for a group of Dexter's hybrid rhododendrons. 

Mrs. E. D. Brandegee, for a group of chrysanthemums. 

Joseph Breck & Sons, for general excellence of trade booth at the Spring 

Show. 
Mrs. Frederick F. Brewster, for a group of calceolarias at the Spring 

Show. 
Mrs. Frederick F. Brewster, for a group of cinerarias at the Spring Show. 
Butterworth's, for a group of orchids. 
F. I. Carter & Sons, for a group of cacti and succulents at the Spring 

Show. 
Champlain View Gardens, for a display of gladiolus — the most merito- 
rious exhibit in the New England Gladiolus Society's Exhibition. 
Cherry Hill Nurseries, for a collection of seedling peonies. 
Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, for an educational exhibit 

of Japanese beetle control, chinch bugs and ants. 
Mrs. Preston E. Corey, for Iris President Pilkington, the finest stalk in 

the Show. 
Will C. Curtis, for a quintet of carniverous plants at the Spring Show. 
The Downs' Estate, for a group of botanical orchids at the Spring Show. 
The Downs' Estate, for a group of twelve orchid plants at the Spring 

Show. 
Ellery Nurseries, for a bulb border at the Spring Show. 
Mrs. Homer Gage, for an iris garden. 
Gardner Museum, for a group of chrysanthemums. 
Great Elm Nursery, for a collection of clematis. 

Harvard University Botanic Garden, for a collection of sempervivunis. 
Alexander I. Heimlich, for a bulb border at the Spring Show. 



16 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Jamaica Plain High School, for an educational exhibit of the various 

aspects of trees and tree work at the Spring Show. 
Professor H. B. Kane, for a collection of nature photographs. 
Littlefield-Wyman Nurseries, for an outdoor living room at the Spring 

Show. 
Lohrman Seed Company, for general excellence of trade booth at the 

Spring Show. 
New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, for a display of 

seedling apples and grapes. 
Thomas Roland, Inc., for a group of cypripediums at the Spring Show. 
Gustave Schneekloth, for Dahlia Dr. Harvey Cushing — best vase of 

seedlings of New England origin at the exhibition of the Dahlia Society 

of New England. 
Edwin S. Webster, for a group of chrysanthemums. 
Edwin S. Webster, for a group of orchids. 
Vaughan's Seed Store, for general excellence of trade booth at the Spring 

Show. 
Wilfrid Wheeler, for a collection of ilex species. 

Bronze Medals 

Carbone, Inc., for general excellence of trade booth at the Spring Show. 
The Conard-Pyle Company, for general excellence of trade booth at the 

Spring Show. 
J. F. Cummings, for a roadside stand. 

Duncan Finlayson, for Buddleia asiatica and Buddleia Eva Dudley. 
Mrs. Emma Bailey Fraser, for a collection of flower paintings. 
Countess Guardabassi, for a display of sweet peas. 
Miss Cerell E. Hequembourg, for a trundle trellis planted with Clematis 

henryi at the Spring Show. 
Longfield's Lantern Shop, for general excellence of trade booth at the 

Spring Show. 
Runkle School, for a model of a Cape Cod cottage, rose garden and beach 

at the Spring Show. 
Sim Carnation Co., Inc., for a display of carnations at the Spring Show. 
Mrs. Edwin S. Webster, for second highest number of points in Iris Show. 
Wendell W. Wyman, for a display of gladiolus. 

Bronze Medals for Children's Gardens, Donated by Miss Marian 
Roby Case, Hillcrest Gardens, Weston, Mass. 

Raymond Collins, Westford R. Graham Handy, Cataumet 

George and Philip Comley, Eleanor and Norma Hansen, 

Lexington North Granby 

Edward W. Cummings, Bartlett Humphreys, 

South Boston Vineyard Haven 

Olga Freeman, Roslindale Merritt Jenkins, Ashfield 

Charles Fuller, Cataumet Roger Jette, Dodgeville 

Alice Grillo, Westport Donald Lindsay, Brockton 



MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES AWARDED IN 1940 



17 



Helen Lindsay, Richmond 
Angelo and Anthony Marino, 

Wakefield 
Horace N. Milliken, Hyde Park 
Montgomery Brothers, 

South Weymouth 
Carl Nickerson, South Dennis 
Albert Paulson, Maynard 
Kenneth 0. Pitman, Hyde Park 
Geraldine Ramsdell, Brockton 
Albert Rondeau, North Adams 



Joseph Ryan, West Roxbury 
Lawrence and Helen Santalucito, 

Waltham 
Wilfred Schobel, Rehoboth 
Elizabeth Stacishin, Boston 
Ernest B. Stewart, Hyde Park 
Roger Tiffany, Wilbraham 
Christine Vaterian, 

South Weymouth 
Duinont Vivier, Shelburne 
Basil Walsh, Brockton 



First Class Certificates 

Brassocattleya Albion var. Ina Claire, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. 
Brassocattleya Hartland, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. 
Cymbidium Edith var. Rosy Glow, exhibited by Butterworth's. 
Miltonia bleuana aurea, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. 
Raspberry Indian Summer, exhibited by the New York State Agricultural 
Experiment Station. 

Awards of Merit 

Aster Survivor, exhibited by the Waltham Field Station. 
Azalea Jane Abbott, exhibited by Weston Nurseries, Inc. 
Brassocattleya Alabaster, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. 
Brassocattleya Haine Hunter, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. 
Carnation Vivid, exhibited by C. B. Johnson. 
Carnation White Beauty, exhibited by C. B. Johnson. 
Carnation Winchester, exhibited by C. B. Johnson. 
Cattleya Prince Edward, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. 
Cymbidium Alexanderi, exhibited by The Downs' Estate. 
Cymbidium Erica Sander, exhibited by The Downs' Estate. 
Cypripedium Diana Broughton, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. 
Delphinium Sir Galahad, exhibited by L. G. Bruggemann. 
Dendrobium Gatton Sunray, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. 
Gladiolus Surprise, exhibited by L. P. Benedict. 
Gladiolus White Gold, exhibited by George H. Scheer. 
Miltonia solf atari, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. 
Phalenopsis Psyche, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. 

Votes of Commendation 

Chrysanthemum Europa, exhibited by V. R. DePetris. 
Chrysanthemum Golden Splendor, exhibited by V. R. DePetris. 
Chrysanthemum Saratoga, exhibited by V. R. DePetris. 
Helonias bullata, exhibited by Harlan P. Kelsey, Inc. 
Rosa hugonis alba, exhibited by the Great Elm Nursery. 

Cultural Certificates 

Peter Arnott, for Cypripedium Boltoni. 
Peter Arnott, for watsonia hybrids. 



18 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

G. S. Bradley, for Oncidium altissimum. 

J. W. & S. R. Cummings, for Carnation Giant Peter Fisher. 

S. J. Goddard, for Carnation Hermosa. 

C. B. Johnson, for Carnation Vivid. 

Francis Lazenby, for a collection of sempervivums. 

Littlefield-Wyman Nurseries, Inc., for Carnation Tallulah Bankhead. 

Andrew Madden for Chrysanthemum Anna. 

Andrew Madden for Chrysanthemum Jane Harte. 

Edward F. Norberg, Jr., for a group of hydrangeas. 

George Palmer, for pansies. 

Thomas Roland, Inc., for a group of cypripediums. 

Professor A. P. Saunders, for a display of seedling peonies. 

Sim Carnation Co., Inc. for Carnation Snow White. 

S trout's, Inc., for Carnation Washburn Red. 

John Sullivan, for Begonia Exquisite. 

John Sullivan, for Chrysanthemum, Topknot. 

Louis Vasseur, for Lily Vilmogleam. 

Oren Whitney, for Carnation Charm. 

Votes of Thanks 

Michael Baccari, for seedless Miracle Grapes. 

Harold T. Bent, for a group of lachenalia. 

W. Dexter Brownell, Jr., for a display of seedling roses. 

L. G. Bruggemann, for a vase of Russell Lupine. 

Mrs. Jere Coleman, for a display of honey. 

J. F. Cummings, for radishes. 

J. W. & S. R. Cummings, for Carnation Venus. 

Miss Elizabeth Dahl, for Dahl Seedling Grape. 

C. U. Liggitt, Inc., for Chrysanthemum Midseason Red. 

C. U. Liggitt, Inc., for Chrysanthemum Mrs. Wendell Willkie. 

Massachusetts Department of Conservation, Division of Forestry, H. B. 

Ramsey, state superintendent of moths, for an educational exhibit of 

forest, shade tree and garden insects. 
Mrs. Robert McCaull, for vases of asters. 
Mrs. Robert McCaull, for a vase of marigolds. 
Mrs. R. Boyer Miller, for a basket of pompon dahlias. 
Mrs. R. Boyer Miller, for radishes. 

New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, for Buffalo Grape. 
Sim Carnation Co., Inc., for a display of carnations. 
Wm. T. Walke & Sons, Inc., for Eucharis amazonica. 
Mrs. Geoffrey G. Whitney, for an ornamental pot of Narcissus minimus 

and Arenaria balearica. 
Wendell W. Wyman, for seedling gladiolus. 

Honorable Mention 

Arrangement for Christmas dinner table, exhibited by the Boxford 
Garden Club. 



MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES AWARDED IN 1940 



19 



Christmas decoration not mentioned in schedule, exhibited by the West 

Newbury Garden Club. 
Vase of snapdragons, exhibited by M. H. Nielsen. 
Wreath suitable for Christmas, constructed of natural plant material, 

exhibited by the Great Barrington Garden Club. 

Scrolls 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts, through Department of Public Works, 
for the roadside planning and planting on Routes 9 and 20. 

City of Boston, through Park Department, for the planting and care of 
the Public Garden. 

Town of Winchester, for its well-kept parks and highways. 

City of Everett, for the landscaping and planting around the Parlin 
School on Broadway. 




Porch for which Mrs. Abbot Peterson 
was awarded a Gold Medal in 1940. 



Special Medal Awards in 1940 

Sir Arthur William Hill 

Sir Arthur William Hill, awarded the George Robert White 
Medal in 1940, has been director of Kew Gardens since 1922 and 
has done much to influence horticulture in Great Britain. 

Sir Arthur is a Knight Commander of St. Michael and St. 
George, a Companion of St. Michael and St. George, a Fellow of 
the Linnean Society, a member of the Royal Society of New 
Zealand. He was educated at King's College, Cambridge. He was 




Sir Arthur William Hill 

Awarded the George Robert White 
Medal of Honor in 1940. 

a university lecturer in Botany from 1905 to 1907. He became a 
Fellow of King's College, Cambridge, in 1901 and dean in 1907. 
His travels have taken him to Iceland, South America, Africa, 
Australia, New Zealand, Java, Malaya, Ceylon and many other 
places. He has published several botanical papers in scientific 
journals and a Memoir of Canon H. N. Ellacombe. Sir Arthur, 
widely known as Captain Hill, has been president of the Kew 
Guild. He has received the Victoria Medal of Horticulture. 

20 



SPECIAL MEDAL AWARDS IN 1940 



21 




Mr. George H. Pring 

Awarded the 

Thomas Roland Medal 

in 1940. 



Mr. G. G. Nearing 

Awarded the 

Jackson Dawson Memorial Medal 

in 1940. 




22 



MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 




Me. William A. Dayton 

Awarded the 

Society's Gold Medal 

in 1940. 



Mr. F. A. Bartlett 

Awarded the 

Society's Gold Medal 

in 1940. 




SPECIAL MEDAL AWARDS IN 1940 



23 



Mr. A. T. De La Mare 

Awarded the 

Society's Gold Medal 

in 1940. 





Mr. Arthur Herrington 

Awarded the 

Society's Gold Medal 

in 1940. 



24 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Mr. George H. Pring 

Mr. George H. Pring, awarded the Thomas Roland Medal for 
skill in horticulture, is one of the leading horticulturists of the 
Middle West. Mr. Pring went to the Missouri Botanical Garden 
about 35 years ago. The authorities under whom he had trained 
at Kew Gardens in England sent him to America with strong 
praise for his skill as an orchid grower. Yet even at that time he 
had an understanding enthusiasm for the culture of aquatic 
plants. These two specialties, in addition to unusual competence 
in general horticulture, have been responsible for much of the 
high reputation which his institution holds among gardeners 
nationally. 

Starting as head of the tropical greenhouses, Mr. Pring has 
come to be in charge of all horticultural undertakings at the 
in-town portion of the Missouri Botanical Garden. 

Aside from his service to his institution, Mr. Pring has been 
effectively active civically. He has been president of the St. Louis 
Horticultural Society. The St. Louis Flower Show counts him 
among its hard-working directors. As a popular lecturer, he is 
well known as an able exponent of gardening from the point of 
view of human interest. 

Among his water lily introductions are Mrs. Edward Whitaker, 
Mrs. George H. Pring, St. Louis, Director George T. Moore and 
Judge Hitchcock. 

Mr. G. G. Nearing 

Mr. G. G. Nearing of Ridgewood, N. J., who was awarded the 
Jackson Dawson Memorial medal in 1940 for his work with woody 
plants, particularly rhododendrons, has been very modest in his 
claims and it is only in late years that the importance of his 
work has come to be realized. He has been working under many 
difficulties but has maintained a choice collection of species and 
crosses and has carried on breeding work by the most improved 
methods. 

Mr. Nearing was born in Morris Run, Pa., January 22, 1890. 
He was educated at the University of Pennsylvania, receiving the 
degree of Bachelor of Science in 1911. He has given much atten- 
tion to botany as well as to the hybridization of woody plants and 
is now writing a handbook on lichens. He has been in the nursery 
business since 1924. 



SPECIAL MEDAL AWARDS IN 1940 25 

Mr. William A. Dayton 

Mr. William A. Dayton of the United States Department of 
Agriculture, awarded a gold medal in 1940, has devoted himself 
particularly to forestry work, although interested in many other 
subjects, being a member of the Botanical Society of America 
and various other botanical societies, the Ecological Society of 
America, The Wild Life Society, and the American Nature 
Association. He became president of the Society of American 
Foresters in 1940 and is vice-president of the Washington 
Academy of Sciences. 

Mr. Dayton was born in New York, September 14, 1885, and 
was graduated from Williams College in 1905. He has been con- 
nected with the United States Forest Service since 1910 as plant 
ecologist and senior forest ecologist. He organized range forage 
investigations in 1911, and has been acting dendrologist since 
1927. He is a member of the American Forest Tree Name Com- 
mittee and was appointed in 1938 to represent the United States 
Department of Agriculture on the editorial committee of "Stand- 
ardized Plant Names." He is the author of a great many publica- 
tions as well as magazine articles, a list of which may be obtained 
from the Library of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society. 

Mr. F. A. Bartlett 

Mr. P. A. Bartlett of Stamford, Conn., awarded the Society's 
gold medal, is widely known for his scientific work in the study of 
tree diseases. He is a native New Englander, born in Belchertown, 
Mass., in 1882. He was graduated from what is now the Massachu- 
setts State College in 1905 and in 1909 began laying the founda- 
tion of the F. A. Bartlett Tree Expert Company. The Bartlett 
School of Tree Surgery was founded in 1923 and is still training 
dendricians. Mr. Bartlett was one of the founders of the National 
Shade Tree Conference and established the Bartlett Tree Research 
Laboratory in 1927, gathering together a staff of entomological, 
physiological and pathological workers under the direction of 
Dr. E. P. Felt, one-time state entomologist of New York. 

The past 30 years have witnessed a remarkable advance in the 
care of shade and orchard trees. The crude methods of the olden 
days have given way to modern operations involving the use of 
costly power sprayers, electric drills, applications of materials to 
prevent rather than control the ravages of insect and fungus 
invaders. Mr. Bartlett has been and continues to be an active and 
inspiring leader in all of this work. 



26 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Mr. A. T. De La Mare 

Mr. Alpheus T. De La Mare, awarded the Society's gold medal, 
is one of the country's outstanding figures in the field of trade 
publications and has done much for the advancement of horti- 
culture in the United States through his publication, The Florist's 
Exchange. 

Mr. De La Mare has had an interesting career. He arrived in 
this country in a small sailing vessel from Gaspe, Canada, where 
he was born in 1853. At the age of nine he embarked on a small 
sailing ship bound for the Island of Jersey, where he attended 
school for one year. Then he studied for four years on the Island 
of Guernsey, after which he went to New York, this being in 
1868. After learning the printing trade with several New York 
printers, this son of an Episcopal clergyman set up in business 
as a printer in 1881. 

Rapid steps in the progress of Mr. De La Mare's business were 
the founding in 1888 of The Florist's Exchange, the incorporation 
in 1891 of the A. T. De La Mare Printing and Publishing Com- 
pany and the publishing of outstanding horticultural books, 
including in 1917 the well-known "Garden Guide." To date, he 
has published more than 50 valuable books and at the age of 88 
he continues to be absorbed in his work, assisted by his son. 

Mr. De La Mare's influence on the horticultural trends of this 
country has been greater than is easily measured and his friends, 
in and out of the trade, are not limited by the boundaries of one 
continent. 

Mr. Arthur Herrington 

Mr. Arthur Herrington, awarded the Society's gold medal, has 
distinguished himself as the manager of the New York flower 
show over a long period. Dean of flower show managers in this 
country, Mr. Herrington has been a source of inspiration and 
courage to hundreds of young gardeners and commercial florists. 

After spending two years of initial training under his gardener 
father, Mr. Herrington worked up through four years in the 
extensive gardens of a large private estate to a position in the 
Gardens of the Royal Horticultural Society at Chiswick in 
England. There, in this London suburban garden, four years of 
intensive training were spent under the then superintendent, 
Mr. Archibald F. Barron, father of the late Leonard Barron 
of American gardening fame. 

From Chiswick Mr. Herrington advanced to a position of 



SPECIAL MEDAL AWARDS IN 1940 27 

assistant to Mr. William Robinson who was starting to lay out 
his famous estate, "Gravetye," in Sussex. This was in 1887. 

Later, Mr. Herrington joined the staff of The Garden, report- 
ing flower shows and meetings, and also visiting many gardens on 
private estates and writing articles concerning them. 

It was about this time that he was invited to come to America, 
and as a result of this visit remained to become superintendent 
of the H. McK. Twombly estate in New Jersey, taking up his 
duties there on January 1, 1896. Among other important garden- 
ing activities at the Twombly estate, Mr. Herrington's interest in 
chrysanthemums came to the fore, culminating in a book on 
chrysanthemum culture which has gone through several editions. 
He also served as a ranking officer in the Chrysanthemum Society 
of America. 

After all of this experience, Mr. Herrington established his own 
business as a landscape architect and garden lecturer in 1910. 
In 1915 he took on the regular task of managing the International 
Flower Show, and in 1934 he was elected secretary of that show 
as well. 



Albert C. Burrage Gold Vase Awards 

The Albert C. Burrage Gold Vase is awarded each year by the 
Trustees at a meeting in December for the most outstanding 
exhibit in any of the shows of the Massachusetts Horticultural 
Society held during that year. According to the Rule Book of 
the Society, "outstanding" is interpreted as meaning, "the most 
conspicuous or spectacular exhibit which combines quality of 
material with an artistic arrangement." 

The gold vase was made available by a gift to the Society 
by Mr. Burrage of $20,000, the income to be used exclusively 
for this purpose. The size of the vase, which is a craftsman's 
piece and hand-made, varies somewhat with the value of the 
gold. Although it was given by Mr. Burrage in 1930, the original 
vase was awarded under the name of the "Massachusetts Horti- 
cultural Society's Gold Cup" to Mr. and Mrs. Albert C. Burrage 
for a tropical garden at the Centennial Exhibition in 1929. The 
subsequent awards have been as follows: 

1930 Mr. Albert C. Burrage, for a group of orchids at the Spring Show. 

1931 Bobbink & Atkins, for an exhibit of roses at the Spring Show. 

1932 Mrs. Albert C. Burrage, for an exhibit of orchids at the Spring Show. 

1933 Mr. Ralph Hancock, for a rock garden at the Spring Show. 

1934 The Gardner Museum, for a modernistic arrangement of chrysan- 

themums at the Autumn Show. 




The Albert C. Burrage Gold Vase. 
28 



ALBERT C. BURRAGE GOLD VASE AWARDS 



29 



1935 Mr. Jere A. Downs, for the Cymbidium Beatrice at the Spring Show. 

1936 Mrs. Frederick F. Brewster, for a tulip garden at the Spring Show. 

1937 Mr. and Mrs. Francis B. Crowninshield, for a chrysanthemum 

garden at the Autumn Show. 

1938 Mr. and Mrs. Ben : Perley Poore Moseley, for an azalea garden at 

the Spring Show. 

1939 Mr. and Mrs. Edwin S. Webster, for a chrysanthemum garden at 

the Autumn Show. 

1940 Cherry Hill Nurseries, for an exhibit at the June Show combining 

peonies, rhododendrons and azaleas. 





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awarded the Albert C. Burr age Gold Vase. 



30 



MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 





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A copy, very much reduced in size, of the scroll awarded 

to the City of Boston in 1940. The other scrolls awarded 

at the same time were similar in design. 



Garden Committee Awards 

The Committee on Gardens appointed to act in 1940 recom- 
mended only one medal award. That was the award of the H. H. 
Hunnewell Medal to Mr. and Mrs. Clement S. Houghton for their 
charming estate in Chestnut Hill. This estate is famous for its 
rock gardens as well as for its rhododendrons, azaleas and its wild 
flower plantings. It is one of the most notable estates in many 
ways in Massachusetts, as was attested by the Committee in 
making this award. 

The Committee then departed from its usual custom and voted 
to recommend that the Trustees create a new form of award — a 
scroll to be given to communities, schools, institutions or com- 
mercial establishments which may have used planting material so 
as to enhance the beauty of their surroundings and to encourage 
similar activities. It was specifically recommended that scrolls 




Rock plants on the grounds of Mr. and Mrs. Clement S. Houghton, 
who were awarded the H. H. Hunnewell Medal in 1940. 

31 



32 



MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 



be presented to the City of Boston, the Commonwealth of Massa- 
chusetts, the City of Everett, and the Town of Winchester. 
The following wording was adopted for these scrolls : 

City of Boston Scroll 



Presented to the City of Boston 

by THE 

Massachusetts Horticultural Society 

For the wisdom shown by the City's duly constituted authorities more 
than a century ago in approving and encouraging the undertaking to set 
apart land as a Public Garden ; 

By later acquiring the Public Garden for the City, to make it the key- 
stone connecting the Common and the old city with Commonwealth 
Avenue and the new city ; 

By maintaining its design and planting in conformity with its original 
purpose ; 

By the wise judgment with which alterations have been made without 
injury but rather to enhance the Garden's charm ; 

By continued capable maintenance, which has ever increased the beauty 
of the trees, shrubs and flowers to the end of extending their use to the 
pleasure of the citizens ; 

By all of which means the amenities and good name of the City of 
Boston have been nourished. 




The Parlin School, for which the City of Everett 
was awarded an ornamental scroll in 1940. 



GARDEN COMMITTEE AWARDS 33 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts Scroll 



Presented to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

by THE 
Massachusetts Horticultural Society 

In Recognition of public service by the Department of Public Works 
of the Commonwealth in the design and planting on the Worcester Turn- 
pike in the Town of Northborough ; 

For the sagacious relation of intersecting highways and their junctures 
with a steep hillside ; 

For straightforward simplicity of mass form well suited to modern 
conditions and for observation from rapidly moving vehicles ; 

For freedom from intricacy and pretentiousness in the selection and 
planting of indigenous groundcovers on the hillside ; 

By which means public highways are made both useful and sightly. 

The presentation to the City of Boston took place at City Hall, 
Mr. Edwin S. Webster, president of the Society, making a brief 
speech as he handed the scroll to the mayor of the city, Maurice 
J. Tobin. The mayor accepted the scroll in a few well-chosen 
words and then handed it to Mr. William T. Long, commissioner 
of parks, saying that it should be displayed on the walls of the 
Park Department office. 

The presentation of the scroll to the Town of Winchester took 
place at a formal gathering in Winchester, the presentation 
speech being made by Mr. William Ellery, a vice-president of 
this Society. 



City of Everett Scroll 



Presented to the City op Everett 
by THE 

Massachusetts Horticultural Society 

In Recognition of the skillful planning and planting of the grounds of 
the Albert N. Parlin Junior High School under the direction of the City's 
duly authorized officials. This fine work justifies the present widespread 
movement for the improvement of school grounds, in confidence that a 
goodly environment, with trees and shrubs well used, will promote the 
growth of character and civic pride in our youth. 

In Recognition, also, of the fact that what has been done by the City 
of Everett at the Albert N. Parlin Junior High School may be expected 
to stimulate emulation by those in charge of school grounds elsewhere. 



34 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Town of Winchester Scroll 



Presented to the Town of Winchester 
by THE 

Massachusetts Horticultural Society 

In Recognition of the excellent judgment and rare good taste made 
manifest by the Town's officials in the planning and planting of its public 
parks and in the beautification of its highways. 

In Recognition, also, of the intelligent use of trees, shrubs and other 
suitable material on the part of the Town's home owners in such a way as 
to harmonize with the efforts of those in authority to make Winchester 
what it has in fact become, outstanding among the Commonwealth's many 
beautiful communities. 




The Centennial Medal, bearing 
the seal of the Society. 

Medals of the Massachusetts 
Horticultural Society 

1/ The Society's Large Gold Medal — This medal was designed 
by Francis N. Mitchell, apparently in 1847, as the records show 
that a bill was rendered as of January 14, 1848, in the amount 
of $250. A replica in bronze was given to each member of the 
committee on medals, consisting of Messrs. Newhall, Stickney, 
Teshemacher, Hovey, Walker, and the president, MarshaJ^ P. 
Wilder. At present, the large gold medal costs about $75. / 

The Society's Exhibition Medal — This medal is a reproduc- 
tion of the large gold medal on a smaller scale. It was authorized 
at a meeting of the Executive Committee in 1923, at which time 
the secretary was instructed to obtain dies for this medal. The 
dies were made at a cost of $325 by the Medallic Art Company, 
New York City. The small gold medal costs about $50 at the 
present time. 

The Society's Silver Medal — This medal is a replica in silver 
of the Society's large gold medal. 

The Society's Bronze Medal — This is a bronze replica of 
the Society's large gold medal. 

35 



36 



MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL. SOCIETY 




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The George Robert White 
Medal of Honor. 



Reverse of the George Robert 
White Medal of Honor. 



The Horatio Hollis Hunnewell 

Medal bearing the portrait of 

the late Mr. Hunnewell. 



MEDALS OP THE MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 37 

The George Robert White Medal of Honor — This medal is 
considered the most important horticultural award in America. 
It was made possible through a gift of $7500 by the late George 
Robert White and a subsequent gift of $2500 by his sister, Mrs. 
Harriet J. Bradbury. The medal was designed by John Flanagan 
and made by the Medallic Art Company. A new die is made each 
year with the name of the recipient molded into it. This medal 
costs, at the present time, about $450. It is awarded by the Board 
of Trustees of the Society to "the man or woman, commercial 
firm or institution, in the United States, or of some other country 
that has done the most in recent years to advance the interest in 
horticulture in its broadest sense." 

Appleton Medal — This is one of the Society's earliest medals, 
but its use was discontinued by vote of the Trustees in 1924. It 
carries the likeness of Samuel Appleton and was designed by 
Francis N. Mitchell, whose bill, dated August 5, 1848, was for 
$125. The original vote called for a Lowell Medal of the same size 
and value as the Appleton Medal and in October 7, 1848, the 
Medal Committee reported that the dies for the Appleton and the 
Society's medals had been completed but that action on- the third 
medal, presumably the Lowell Medal, had been deferred. No 
further mention is made in the records of a Lowell Medal, 
although something is said about Lowell Plate, which may have 
been substituted. However, no further mention of this plate can 
be found and no such plate seems to be in existence. 

Centennial Medal — This was a special medal of which only 
100 were awarded. It was given out only at the time of the 
Centennial Year of the Society in 1929. This medal was designed 
by John Paramino, who used the Society's seal as a basis and 
surrounded it with a border, afterwards adding a base. Mr. 
Paramino was paid $300 and the dies were made by Whitehead 
& Hogue for $244. 

Jackson Dawson Memorial Medal — This medal was made 
possible through a fund raised by the Horticultural Club of 
Boston, of which Mr. Dawson was long a member. It bears Mr. 
Dawson's portrait and was made by the Robbins Company of 
Attleboro at a cost of $250. The first medal was struck in 1927. 
The present cost of this medal is about $95. This medal is made 
from the income of a fund now totalling $3227. This fund may 
be used for prizes, lectures and medals, or as the Trustees may 



38 



MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 




[■ The Society's Medal, which 
is reproduced in gold, silver 
and bronze. 




The Thomas Roland Medal, 

awarded for skill in 

horticulture. 




Jackson Dawson Memorial 

Medal, bearing the late Mr. 

Dawson's portrait. 



MEDALS OF THE MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 39 

direct, to encourage the science and practice of hybridization and 
the propagation of hardy woody plants. 

Thomas Roland Medal — This medal was designed by Mrs. 
Oakes Ames and made by the Gorham Company in 1927. The 
first medal and case cost $177.50 and were presented to Mr. 
Roland at a meeting of the Trustees on March 29, 1927. Its face 
bears appropriately the representation of a cypripedium orchid, 
Mr. Roland having been particularly fond of cypripediums. The 
cost of this medal was shared by various friends with a small 
appropriation from the Society. The present fund is $3000, the 
income being used for medals to be awarded to men and women 
who have shown exceptional skill in horticulture, and for lectures. 
The present cost of each medal is about $80. 

Hunnewell Medal — This medal was designed by John Para- 
mino and bears the head of the late H. Hollis Hunnewell, for 
many years an officer and benefactor of this Society. The first 
medal was given to the Hunnewell family. The original cost of 
this medal, including design and dies, was $550. This medal costs 
at the present time $100 and it is paid for from a fund of $2000 
established by Mr. Hunnewell in 1864 for prizes to be awarded 
"to the owners of estates of not less than three acres in extent who 
shall lay out and plant them with the most rare and desirable 
ornamental trees and shrubs, in the most tastefu] and effective 
manner, developing the capabilities of the locations in the highest 
degree, and presenting the most successful examples of science, 
skill, and taste, as applied to the embellishment of a country 
residence ; the trees to be under the most thorough cultivation, 
the grounds in high keeping, and the prizes to apply equally in 
cases where proprietors take professional advice, as well as when 
acting on their own judgment in their improvements." 




The estate of Mr. and Mrs. Clement S. Houghton of Chestnut 
Hill, awarded the H. H. Hunnewell Medal, is widely known 
for its rock gardens and its natural plantings. Mrs. Houghton 
is a past president of the American Bock Garden Society. 



Exhibits 

at the 

Spring Flower Show 

in 1941 




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Horticultural Society Dinner in 1832 

The Library of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society has 
acquired a copy of the Boston Courier of Monday, October 3, 
1832, in which a long article is printed about a dinner sponsored 
by the Society. A part of the report appearing in the Boston 
Courier follows : 

On Wednesday the tables of the Society at Concert Hall made a show 
little less tempting than the most favored seasons. The grapes were ex- 
cellent. These are comparatively a new cultivation, and they are already 
profitable to the gardener. Many are raised in the city, where a rod of 
ground and a wall, are sufficient to produce a hundred pounds. We are 
told of a gentleman with a small garden, who without devoting half his 
ground to grapes, raised last year enough to bring $800 at the current 
prices, though none was sold. The supply is not a tenth of the demand, 
and the cultivation of them, with other fruits, offers a sure way by which 
a small farmer may put in his pocket a few hundred dollars yearly — 
provided he is willing. The Catawba and Isabella, though inferior to the 
Black Hamburgh, and Sweet Water, are more hardy and generally speak- 
ing they are certain to produce largely. 

The Horticultural Society has done much to spread a taste and knowl- 
edge of gardening, and its usefulness is but just begun. Were its labors 
to stop with the establishment of Mount Auburn, it would be deserving 
of all that its friends could say in its praise. 

There is hardly an occasion, in this land of celebrations, in which three 
dollars may be better invested in an anniversary dinner than at the 
Horticultural. Men do not sit down to carve the joints as though they 
were cutting up political opponents, as they are wont to do at political 
feasts: nor is the excitement of passion added to the stimulus of wine. 
But at this festival of the gardeners, men leave their party animosities 
with their hats and canes at the door, and sit down together, if not under 
vines and fig trees, with no other rivalry than that of civility and good 
will. In a metaphorical sense, they turn the spear into a pruning hook, 
and tilt no more. It is common ground, neutral territory; it is like the 
Olympian games of the old Greeks, to which all the conflicting states came 
up in amity. It is an occasion on which the gardener enjoys the products 
of his skill. Over him are flowers of a thousand dyes, before him fruit 
richer than that which tempted the grasp of Aladdin, or than hung upon 
the boughs of the Hesperides. The goblet is crowned with that best of all 
products, to make glad the heart of man, the richest juice of Burgundy. 
On this occasion it would be unfair to omit to say that the champagne 
was sparkling, and that it justified the wishes of its friends if not the fears 
of its enemies. 



53 



EXHIBITIONS IN 1941 



MECHANICS BUILDING 

March 17-22 

Spring Flower Show 

HORTICULTURAL HALL 

January 31 and February 1 
Camellia Show 

May 1 and 2 

Daffodil Show 

May 22 and 23 
Tulip Show 

June 6 and 7 
Iris Show 

June 18 and 19 
June Show 

August 20 and 21 
Gladiolus Show 

August 28 and 29 

Exhibition of the Products of Children's 
Gardens 

September 6 and 7 
Dahlia Show 

October 8 -10 
Harvest Show 

November 6-9 

Autumn Show in co-operation with the 
Chrysanthemum Society of America 



54 



Periodicals Received 1940 

*> 

*Library keeps only the current year on file. 

•Agricultura y Ganaderia. 
•Agricultural Gazette of New South Wales. 
Agricultural Index. 

* Agricultural News Letter. 
Agricultural Statistics. 
Alabama, Garden Club. Yearbook. 
Alpine Garden Society. Bulletin. 
American Amaryllis Society. Year Book. 
American Association of Nurserymen. Proceedings. 

*American Bee Journal. 

American Botanist. 

American Carnation Society. Proceedings. 

American Dahlia Society. Bulletin. 

American Delphinium Society. Year Book. 
•American Eagle. 

American Fern Journal. 

American Forests. 

American Fruit Grower Magazine. 

* American Fuchsia Society. Bulletin. 
American Home. 

American Iris Society. Bulletin. 

American Lily Yearbook. 

American Nurseryman. 

American Orchid Society. Bulletin. 

American Peony Society. Bulletin. 

American Pomological Society. Proceedings. 

American Rock Garden Society. Yearbook. 

American Rose Annual. 

American Rose Magazine. 
*Aquatic Life. 

Arboretum Bulletin. (Seattle, Washington) 

Arborist's News. 

Arnold Arboretum. Bulletin of Popular Information. 

Arnold Arboretum. Journal. 

Australian Orchid Review. 

Begonian. 

Berkshire Garden Center, Inc. Annual Report. 
•Better Crops From Plant Food. 

Better Fruit. 

Better Homes and Gardens. 

Blumen- und Pflanzenbau. 

Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research. Contributions. 

Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research. Professional Paper. 

55 



56 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL. SOCIETY 

Breeze Hill News. 

British Carnation Society. Carnation Yearbook. 

British Gladiolus Society. Gladiolus Annual. 

Brooklyn Botanic Garden. Leaflets. 

Brooklyn Botanic Garden. Record. 

Cactus and Succulent Society of America. Journal. 

Calavo Growers of California. Annual Report. 
*Calavo News. 

California Avocado Association. Yearbook. 

California. Department of Agriculture. Bulletin. 

California Garden. 

California University. Publications in Botany. 

Canadian Florist. 

Canadian Gladiolus Society. Annual. 

Canadian Horticulture. 
*Castanea. 

Chronica Botanica. 

Chrysanthemum Society of America. Bulletin. 

City Gardens Club (New York). Bulletin. 

Cranberries. 

* Crimea. Government Botanic Garden. Miscellaneous Publications. 
Curtis's Botanical Magazine. 

Desert. 
*The Digger. 
*Dirt. 

* Earthworm. 

•Eastern States Cooperator. 

Edinburgh. Royal Botanic Garden. List of Seeds. 

Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society. Journal. 

Experiment Station Record. 
•Experimental Gardener 

F. T. D. News. 
*Farm and Home Garden Club Newsletter. 
*Farm and Home Science. 
*Farm Research. 

* Fertilizer Review. 

Field Museum of Natural History. Botany Leaflet Series. 
Field Museum of Natural History. Publications. Botanical Series. 
*Field Museum of Natural History. Publications. Report Series. 
Florists' Exchange. 
Florists' Review. 
Flower Grower. 
Flowering Plants of South Africa. 

* Forest and Park News. 
Forest Leaves. 

Four Seasons. 

Fruit World of Australasia. 



PERIODICALS RECEIVED, 1940 57 

Garden Club of America. Bulletin. 

Garden Digest. 

Garden Gate. 

Garden Glories. 

Garden Gossip. 

Garden Life. 

Garden Lover. 
* Garden Pants. 

Garden Path. 

Gardeners' Chronicle. 

Gardeners' Chronicle of America. 

Gardens and Gardening. Studio Gardening Annual. 

Gartenschbnheit. 

Geisenheimer Mitteilungen liber Obst- und Gartenbau. 

Gentes Herbarum. 

Giardino Fiorito. 

Golden Gardens. 
*Good Earth 
•Gourd Seed. 

Gray Herbarium. Contributions. 

Great Britain. Ministry of Agriculture. Journal. 
•Groundhog. 

Grower Talks. 

Gulf Coast Gardener. 

Hartford, Connecticut. Board of Park Commissioners. Annual Report. 

Harvard University. Botanical Museum. Leaflets. 

Herb Society of America. The Herbarist. 

Hillcrest Gardens. 

Home Acres. 

Hooker's Icones Plantarum. 

Hoosier Horticulture. 

L'Horticulteur Chalonnaise. 

Horticultural News. 

Horticultural Society of New York. Monthly Bulletin. 

Horticultural Society of New York. Yearbook. 

Horticulture. 

L'Horticulture Franchise. 

House and Garden. 

House Beautiful. 

Illinois Horticulture. 

Illinois State Horticultural Society. News Letter. 

Illinois State Horticultural Society. Transactions. 
•Indiana Gardens. 

Indiana Horticultural Society. Transactions. 
*Iowa Agriculturist. 

Iowa State Horticultural Society. Transactions. 

Ireland. Department of Lands and Agriculture. Journal. 



58 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Iris Society (England). Yearbook. 

Jenkins Hemlock Arboretum. Bulletin. 

Journal of Agricultural Research. 

Journal of Botany, British and Foreign. 

Journal of Economic Entomology. 

Journal of Forestry. 

Journal of Pomology and Horticultural Science. 

Kew. Royal Gardens. Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information. 

Landscape Architecture. 

Lawn Care. 

Lexington Leaflets. 
*Lingnan Science Journal. 

Little Gardens. 

Lloydia. 

Lyon-Horticole et Horticulture Nouvelle Reunis. 

Madison Cooper's Gardening Magazine. 

Market Growers Journal. 

Massachusetts Conservation Bulletin. 

Massachusetts, Garden Club Federation. Yearbook. 

Massachusetts Horticultural Society. Year Book. 
*Massachusetts Nurseryman. 

(Massachusetts) Trustees of Public Reservations. Annual Report. 
*Men's Garden Club of St. Louis. Bulletin. 
*Men's Garden Clubs of America. Bulletin. 

Men's Garden Clubs of America. Yearbook. 

Michigan, Federated Garden Clubs. Yearbook. 

Michigan Horticultural Society. Yearbook. 

Michigan State Horticultural Society. Annual Report. 

Minnesota Horticulturist. 

Mississippi, Garden Clubs. Official Bulletin. 

Missouri Botanical Garden. Annals. 

Missouri Botanical Garden. Bulletin. 

Monthly Catalogue of United States Public Documents. 

Monthly Checklist of State Publications. 

Morton Arboretum. Bulletin of Popular Information. 

My Garden. 

National Carnation and Picotee Society (England). Annual Report and 
Yearbook. 

National Council of State Garden Club Federations. Bulletin. 

National Fertilizer Association. Proceedings. 

National Horticultural Magazine. 

National Rose Society (England). Rose Annual. 

National Seedsman. 

National Seedsman Annual. 

National Shade Tree Conference. Proceedings. 
*Naturaliste Canadien. 
*Nature-Garden Guide. 



PERIODICALS RECEIVED, 1940 59 

*Nature Magazine. 

New England Gladiolus Society. Yearbook and Supplement. 
*New England Homestead. 
*New England Naturalist. 

New Jersey Federated Garden Clubs. Yearbook. 

New Jersey State Horticultural Society. News. 

New York Botanical Garden. Journal. 

New York State, Federated Garden Clubs. Newsletter. 

New York State, Federated Garden Clubs. Yearbook. 

North and South Dakota Horticulture. 

North Carolina, Garden Club. Yearbook. 

Northern Nut Growers Association. Annual Report. 

Northwest Gardens. 
*Ohio Florists' Association. Monthly Bulletin. 

Oklahoma Gardener. 

Ontario Department of Agriculture. Statistics Branch. Annual Report. 

Ontario Entomological Society. Annual Report. 

Ontario. Horticultural Societies. Annual Report. 

Ontario. Vegetable Growers' Association. Annual Report. 
•Open Shelf. 

Orchid Review. 

Orchis. 

Oregon Federation of Garden Clubs. Yearbook. 

Oregon State Horticultural Society. Annual Report. 

Ortofrutticoltura Italiana. 
*Parks and Recreation. 

Pennsylvania Horticultural Society. Yearbook. 
*Philippine Journal of Agriculture. 

Plant Breeding Abstracts. 
*Plant Science Literature. 

La Pomologie Franchise. 
* Practical Gardener. 

Quebec Gladiolus Society. Yearbook. 

Real Gardening. 

Reale Societa Toscana di Orticultura. Revista. 
*Revista de Agricultura de Puerto Rico. 

Revue Horticole. 

Rhode Island Federation of Garden Clubs. Yearbook. 

R ho dor a. 

Roses, Inc. 

Royal Caledonian Horticultural Society. Transactions. 

Royal Horticultural Society. Daffodil Yearbook. 

Royal Horticultural Society. Journal. 

Royal Horticultural Society. Lily Yearbook. 

Saxiflora. 

School Nature League. Bulletin. 

Scientific Horticulture. 



60 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Scottish Forestry Journal. 
Seed Trade Bikers Guide. 
Seed Trade News. 
Seed World. 
Seedling. 
Shade Tree. 

* Shade Tree Digest. 

Smithsonian Institution. Annual Report. 

South Carolina, Garden Club. Bulletin. 

South Carolina, Garden Club. Yearbook. 

South Dakota State Horticultural Society. Annual Report. 

Southern Florist and Nurseryman. 

* Southern Home and Garden. 
*The Spade. 

*The Sprout. 
*The Stamen. 

Subtropical Gardening. 

Success With Roses. 

* Sunset. 

* Tennessee Horticulture. 
Torrey Botanical Club. Bulletin. 
Torrey Botanical Club. Memoirs. 
Torreya. 

U. S. Department of Agriculture. Yearbook. 
•Victoria, Australia. Department of Agriculture. Journal. 
*Waltham, Mass. Field Station. Vegetable Growers Journal. 

Wild Flower. 

Wisconsin Horticulture. 

Worcester County Horticultural Society. Transactions and Schedule. 

Your Garden and Home. 




Si 

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Si 

r© 



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rSS 

Si 
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Library Accessions 



New books added to the Library between April 1, 1940 and 
May 1, 1941. 

*To be used only in the reading room. 

HORTICULTURE 

General 

Bellair, G. Traite d'horticulture pratique : 5e ed. corr. et augm. 1925. 
Better Homes and Gardens. Gardening guide. 1940. 
Biles, R. E. Complete book of garden magic; ed.2. 1941. 
Braunton, E. Garden beautiful in California. 1940. 
Brett, W. Book of garden improvements ; ed.2. 1940. 

. Home gardening encyclopaedia ; ed.2. 1940. 

Consigny, J-M. Gardening for fun in California. 1940. 
Cook, W. H. Chemical weed killers. 1937. 
Davis, K. C. ed. Horticulture enterprises; ed. 5. 1939. 
De La Mare, A. T., ed. Garden guide; ed.7, rev. 1940. 
Gardens and gardening. Studio annual. 1940. 
Hersey, J. I like gardening. 1941. 
*Hill, T. First garden book, being a faithful reprint of A most brief e and 

pleasaunt treatyse ... by Thomas Hyll, Londyner, 1563 ; collated and 

edited by Violet and Hal W. Trovillion. 1938. 
House Beautiful. Practical gardener. 1940. 
Howard, E. L. Children's gardens. 1940. 
Keeble, Sir F. Science lends a hand in the garden. 1939. 
Kilpatrick, V. E. The school garden, a laboratory of nature. 1940. 
*Loudon, J. C. The horticulturist; or . . . The culture and management 

of the kitchen, fruit and forcing garden ; new ed. 1860. 
Macmillan, H. F. Tropical gardening and planting ; ed.4. 1936. 
*National garden almanack and trade directory for the years 1853-1858, 

[comp.] by J. Edwards. 
National recreation association. Gardening, school, community and 

home. 1940. 
Pearse, H. L. Plant hormones and their practical importance in horti- 
culture. 1939. 
Schilletter, J. C. & Richey, H. W. Textbook of general horticulture. 

1940. 
Seymour, E. L. D. Gardener's map of the growing seasons for the United 

States. 1938. 
* The Times. Studies in gardening, a series of articles reprinted. [1908?] 
Timmins, C. Planting by the moon. 1940. 

. Planting time ; the garden calendar for 1940. 

Ward Lock & Co. All about gardening, garden making and maintenance. 

[19-?]. 
Wishart, J. Field trials : their layout and statistical analysis. 1940. 
Wright, R., ed. Book of gardening. 1940. 

62 



LIBRARY ACCESSIONS 63 

Chemical culture 

Gericke, W. Complete guide to soilless gardening. 1940. 
Laurie, A. Soilless culture simplified. 1940. 
Phillips, A. H. Gardening without soil. 1940. 

Insects. Diseases 

Blair, L. The garden clinic. 1940. 

Felt, E. P. Plant galls and gall makers. 1940. 

Leach, J. G. Insect transmission of plant diseases. 1940. 

Martin, H. Scientific principles of plant protection with special refer- 
ence to chemical control ; ed.3. 1940. 

Metcalf , C. L. Destructive and useful insects ; ed.2. 1940. 

Moore, W. C. Diseases of bulbs. 1939. 

Sweetman, H. L. Biological control of insects, with a chapter on weed 
control. 1936. 

Westcott, C. The plant doctor; 2d. ed. 1940. 

Genetics 

Darlington, E. D. The evolution of genetic systems. 1939. 
*Noter, Raphael de. L'hybridization des plantes. 19 — ? 

Soils 

Pf eiffer, E. Bio-dynamic farming and gardening ; ed.2 rev. 1940. 

ORNAMENTAL PLANTS 
General 

* Jackson, A. K., ed. British flowering plants ; new and rev. ed. 1939. 
McKenny, M. & Johnston, E. A book of garden flowers. 1941. 
Mathews, J. W. A short guide to the cultivation of non-succulent South 
African plants. 1938. 

Special 

American Iris Society. Alphabetical iris check-list. 1940. 

Chevalier, C. Les begonias, monographic, multiplication, culture. 1938. 

Kirton Agric. Inst. & Exp. Sta. Bulb experiments : report for 1936. 

Lochot, J. Le chrysantheme ; 7e ed. rev., remainee et sensiblement augm. 
1938. 

McFarland, J. H. Modern roses II. 1940. 

McLean, F. T. The gladiolus. 1941. 

National Rose Society. Select list of roses and instructions for pruning; 
[new and rev.ed. 1940]. 

New York Botanical Garden. Begonias, a series of illustrated articles 
reprinted from the Journal, March 1939- January 1940. 

. Hardy ferns and their culture, a series of illustrated articles re- 
printed from the Journal, March-May 1940. 

Sprague, H. B. Better lawns for homes and parks. 1940. 

Zambra, G. L. Violets for garden and market. 1938. 



64 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

House plants. Home greenhouse 
Davidson, K. L. The unheated greenhouse. 1907. 
Taylor, K. S. & Gregg, E. W. Winter flowers in the sun-heated pit. 1941. 
Wood, A. EL, Jr. Try these indoors. 1941. 

Trees and shrubs 

Bean, W. J. Trees and shrubs hardy in the British Isles, v.3 ; ed.2. 1936. 

Flynn, R. Peggy plants a tree. 1941. 

Johns, C. A. British trees, including the finer shrubs for garden and 

woodland; ed. by E. T. Cook. 1911? 
Kauffman, E. Kingdom of the trees. 1940. 
Madison, H. L. Trees of Ohio and northeastern North America; ed.3. 

1935. 
McMinn, H. E. Illustrated manual of California shrubs. 
Nozaki, S. Dwarf trees (Bonsai). 1940. 

Pirone, P. P. Maintenance of shade and ornamental trees. 1941. 
Preston, R. J., Jr. Rocky Mountain trees. 1940. 

Rehder, A. Manual of cultivated trees and shrubs ; ed.2, rev. & enl. 1940. 
Robinson, F. B. Useful trees and shrubs. 1938. (cards). 
Shoemaker, J. S. Trees and shrubs in Alberta. 1938. 
Van Rensselaer, M. Trees of Santa Barbara. 1940. 

ECONOMIC PLANTS 

General 

Eberle, I. Spice on the wind. 1940. 
Giles, D. Singing valleys, the story of corn. 1940. 
Good, R. Plants and human economics. 1937. 
Hayward, H. Structure of economic plants. 1938. 
Verrill, A. H. Perfumes and spices, including an account of soaps and 
cosmetics. 1940. 

Vegetables 
Jones, D. F. & Mangelsdorf, P. C. Crossed corn. 1926. 

Fruits 

Argles, G. K. Review of the literature on stock-scion incompatibility in 
fruit trees, with particular reference to pome and stone fruits. 1937. 

Bagenal, N. B., ed. Fruit growing. 1939. 

Boeuf, F. Les bases scientifiques de ^amelioration des plantes. 1935. 

Botley Experimental Fruit Station. Report on experiments on straw- 
berries 1923-1937. 1938. 

Bush, Carroll D. Nut grower's handbook. 1941. 

Daniel, L. Etudes sur la greffe. 1927-30. 3v. 

Graton, L. Intensive strawberry culture. 1922. 

Kains, M. G. Grow your own fruit. 1940. 

Rittich, V. G. European grape growing in cooler districts. 1940. 
* Scott, John. Scott's orchardist, or catalogue of fruits, cultivated at 
Merriott, Somerset, 1873. 



LIBRARY ACCESSIONS 65 

Herbs 

Badianus manuscript, an Aztec herbal of 1552; transl. by E. W. Emmart. 

1940. 
Brown, G. M. Herb primer; [rev.ed.] 1939. 
Clarkson, R. E. Green enchantment. 1940. 
Herb Society of America. Herbarist, 1939-1940. 
Hoffmann, I. B. Book of herb cookery. 1940. 
Sievers, A. F. American medicinal plants of commercial importance. 

1935. (U.S.D.A. misc. pub. 77). 

GARDEN DESIGN 

General 

Andorra nurseries. Andorra hand-book of trees and shrubs. 1940. 

Coffin, M. C. Trees and shrubs for landscape effects. 1940. 

Cooke, A. O. A book of dovecotes. 1920. 

Dartington Hall, Ltd. Gardens catalogue. 

Doubleday, R. Tree neighbors. 1940. 

Foster-Melliar, R. A. My garden by the sea. 1936. 

Hunt, W. B. Rustic construction; articles to be made from logs, etc. 

1940? 
Levison, J. J. Home book of trees and shrubs. 1940. 
Lobeck, A. K. Geomorphology. 1939. 

Middleton, C. H. ed. Colour all the year in my garden. 1938. 
Robinson, F. B. Planting design. 1940. 
Robinson, W. Wild garden ; ed.3. 1883. 
Stevens, T. H. G. Trees and shrubs in my garden. 1938. 
Thomas, H. H. Gardening in towns. 1936. 
Williams, G. Little gardens; some hints for making and keeping them 

beautiful. [1938]. 

Descriptions of gardens 

Aldrich, Amey, comp. Guide to villas and gardens in Italy. 1938. 
American Society Landscape Architecture, Boston Chapter. Studies in 

landscape architecture. [1935?]. 
Boddam-Whetham, R. E. A garden in the Veld. 1933. 
Colonial Williamsburg, inc. Williamsburg, Virginia, in photographs. 

1939. 
Grabham, M. C. The garden interests of Madeira. 1926. 
*Gothein, M. L. Indische garten. [1926]. 
Howe, M. A. DeWolfe. Boston Common, scenes from four centuries. 

1921. 
Inn, Henry. Chinese houses and gardens. 1940. 
Laughlin, C. E. So you're going South! 1940. 
Kuck, L. E. The art of Japanese gardens. 1940. 
*Newsom, S. Japanese garden construction. 1940. 
Photographic studies of old Virginia homes and gardens. 1940 ?. 
Piggott, F. T. Garden of Japan; ed.2. 1896. 



66 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Rose, G. X. Williamsburg: todaj* and yesterday. 1940. 
Thomas. E. P. Old Kentucky homes and gardens. 1940. 
Tunnard, C. Gardens in the modern landscape. 1938. 

BOTANY 

General 

Bailey, L. H. Talks afield about plants and the science of plants. 1885 
Davids, A. Flowers, rock plants. 1939. 
*Du Mont de Courset. G. L. M. Le botaniste eultivateur, ou description, 

culture et usages de la plus grande partie des plantes cultivees en 

France . . . 2e ed. 1811-14. 7v. 
Fischer. H. F. Flower family album. 1940. 

Linnaeus. Carl von. Critica botanica, trans, by Sir Arthur Hort. 1938. 
Love. H. H. Studies of variation in plants. 1911. 
MacDougal, D. T. Hydration and growth. 1920. 
Parsons. F. T. Plants and their children. 1896. 
Saunders, E. R. Floral morphology. 1940. 2v. 

Monographs 

*Cannart d'Hamale, F. Monographic historique et litteraire des lis. 1870. 
*Engler, A. Monographic der Gattung Saxifraga L., mit besonderer 

Beriicksichtigung der geographischen Verhaltnisse. 1872. 
*Engler, H. G. A. & Irmscher, E. Saxifragacece — Saxifraga I-II, (Das 
PnanzenreichIV.117) 1916-1919. 

Evans. TV. E. A revision of the genus Xomocharis. 1925. 

Fassett, N. C. Manual of aquatic plants. 1940. 
*Grove, A. Supplement to Elwes' '\Monograph of the genus Lilium" 

Hall, Sir D. The genus Tulipa. 1940. 
*Hill, Sir A. W. The history of Primula obconica, Hance, under cultiva- 
tion with some remarks on the history of Primula sinensis. Sab. 1912. 
*L€cover, J. C. Monographic du genre Thalietrum. 1885. 

Tiffany, L. H. Algce. the grass of many waters. 193S. 
*Trelease, W. North American Geraniacece. 1888. 

Verdoorn, F. ed. Manual of pteridology. 

Floras 

Abrams. L. Illustrated flora of the Pacific states, v.l. 1940. 

Barker. H. D. Flore d'Haiti. 1930. 

Deam, C. C. Flora of Indiana. 1940. 

Harris, T. Y. Wild flowers of Australia. 1938. 

Jackson. H. H. Procession of flowers in Colorado. 1S86. 

Jaeger, E. C. Desert wild flowers. 

Madison, H. L. Wild flowers of Ohio. 1938. 

Muenscher, W. C. The flora of Whatcom county, state of Washington : 

Vascular plants. 1941. 
Quick. A. C. Wild flowers of the northern states and Canada. 1939. 



LIBRARY ACCESSIONS 67 

Stevens, G. T. Illustrations of flowering plants of the middle Atlantic 

and New England states. 1930. 
Stevens, S. Plants of sun and sand : the desert growth of Arizona. 1939. 
Whitehouse, E. Texas flowers in natural colors. 1936. 

THE LAND 

Conservation 

American planning and civic annual, 1939-1940. 2v. 

Garden Club of America. Conservation guide. 1939. 

N. H. Ag. Coll. Exten. Service Circular 230, 1940. Protecting our native 

plants. 
Mass. Dept. of Agr., Div. of ornithology. The utility of birds ; ed.2, rev. 

(Dept. Bull, no.9, Jan. 1922.) 

Country life 

Kains, M. G. Five acres and independence ; [new rev. and enl. ed.] 1940. 
Powell, E. P. How to live in the country. 1911. 
Sackville-West, V. Country notes. 1939. 

Nature study 

Jaques, H. E. Living things, how to know them. 1939. 
Kieran, J. Nature notes. 1941. 
King, E. & Pessels, W. Working with nature. 1939. 
Vinal, W. G. Nature recreation. 1941. 

Agriculture 

Howitt, J. E. Weeds of Ontario, by J. E. Howitt and J. D. MacLeod. 
Seed World. Weeds and weed seeds, common, noxious, poisonous with 

commonly used crop seeds. 1940. 
Spencer, E. R. Just weeds. 1940. 
Wilcox, E. V. Tropical agriculture. 1916. 

FINE ARTS 
General 

Stearns, M. G. Homespun and blue: a study of American crewel em- 
broidery. 1940. 
*Barrett, W. A. Flowers and festivals : or directions for the floral decora- 
tion of churches. 1868. 

Conway, J. G. Flowers, their arrangement. 1940. 

Rockwell, F. F. Flower arrangement in color. 1940. 

Scarborough, O. M. American flower arrangement. 1939. 

Teele, Mrs. Arthur P. Flower arrangement primer. 1940. 

ESSAYS AND POETRY 

Atalie, Princess. The earth speaks. 1940. 
Cran, M. The garden beyond, 1937. 



68 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 



Gardens of character. 1940. 



Johnson, C. I want a garden. 1940. 

Kirkus, V. A house for the week-ends. 1940. 
*Lover of gardens, with illus. by Beatrice Parsons. 

Maxwell, Sir H. Memories of the months, 1897. 

Meade, J. R. Bouquets and bitters. 1940. 

Quinn, V. Shrubs in the garden and their legends. 1940. 

Ranson, N. R. My neighbor's garden and mine. 1939. 

. Texas wild flower legends ; ed.2. 1940. 

Ratcliffe, D. U. News of Persephone: impressions in northern and 

southern Greece with a car, a kettle and cameras. 1939. 
*Rolland, E. Flore populair, ou histoire naturelle des plantes dans leurs 
rapports avec la linguistique et le folklore. 1896-1914. llv. 

BIOGRAPHY 

Earnest, E. John and William Bartram, botanists and explorers, 1699- 

1777, 1739-1823. 1940. 
Skidelsky, S. S. The tales of a traveler. 1916. 
Templeman, W. D. The life and work of William Gilpin (1724-1804) 

1939. 

REFERENCE 

De La Mare, A. T., pub. Horticultural trade directory, 1940-42. 1940. 

DeVries, Louis, comp. French-English science dictionary. 1940. 

International hort. congress, 12th, 1938. Gartenbau-organisationen und 
fachzeitschriften der welt . . . Horticultural organizations and periodi- 
cals of the world. 1938. 

Rothamsted Experimental Station Library. Catalogue ; ed.2. 1940. 

Willis, L. G. Bibliography of references to the literature on the minor 
elements and their relation to plant and animal nutrition; ed.3. 1939 



Gifts to the Library 

The Massachusetts Horticultural Society acknowledges with 
thanks gifts to the Library from the following donors : 

Blanchard, Mrs. Frances R. 

Flowers, rock plants, by Arlette Davids. 1939. 

Castle, Mrs. George. 

Chinese houses and gardens, by Henry Inn. 1940. 

Coyle, Mr. Robert. 

Boston Common, scenes from four centuries, by M. A. DeWolfe 
Howe. 1921. 

Cox, Mr. Erskine H. 

Treatise on some of the insects injurious to vegetation; ed.3, by 
T. W. Harris. 1862. 

Craig, Mr. William N. 

The book of roses, by Francis Parkman. 1866. 

Crosby, Mrs. S. V. R. 

American planning and civic annual, 1939-1940. 2v. 
Badianus manuscript; transl. by E. W. Emmart. 1940. 

Dartington Hall, Ltd. 
Gardens catalogue. 

Donald, Mrs. Malcolm. 

British trees, including finer shrubs for garden and woodland, by 

C.A.Johns. [1911?]. 
Studies in gardening, a series of articles reprinted from The Times. 

[1908?]. 
Talks afield about plants and the science of plants, by L. H. Bailey. 

1885. 
Tropical agriculture, by E. V. Wilcox. 1916. 
Wild garden; ed.3, by W. Robinson. 1883. 

Eldredge, Mr. Keith G. 

Boyce Thompson Institute Contributions v.8 no.3-v.ll no.l. 

Farrington, Mr. Edward I. 

How to live in the country, by E. P. Powell. 1911. 
The tales of a traveler, by S. S. Skidelsky. 1916. 
Try these indoors, by A. H. Wood, Jr. 1941. 

Geehan, Mr. James. 

Andorra hand-book of trees and shrubs, by Andorra Nurseries. 1940. 

Goddard, Mr. Samuel J. 

Trees of Santa Barbara, by Maunsell Van Rensselaer. 1940. 

69 



70 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Graves, Mr. George. 

A collection of nursery catalogs. 
A collection of magazines. 

All about gardening, garden making and maintenance, by Ward Lock 
&Co. [19?]. 

Helburn, Mrs. Willard. 

Chinese houses and gardens, by Henry Inn. 1940. 

Herb Society of America. (Norton Memorial). 

Badianus manuscript; transl. by E. W. Emmart. 1940. (2 copies). 

Book of herb cookery, by Irene B. Hoffmann. 1940. 

Green enchantment, by Rosetta E. Clarkson. 1940. 

Herb primer; [rev.ed.], by G. M. Brown. 1939. 

Herbalist, 1939-1940, by Herb Society of America. 

Homespun and blue : a study of American crewel embroidery, by 

Martha G. Stearns. 1940. 
Perfumes and spices, including an account of soaps and cosmetics, by 

A. Hyatt Verrill. 1940. 
Rose recipes, by Eleanour S. Rohde [1939]. 
Spice on the wind, by Irmengarde Eberle. 1940. 

Holzer, Mr. H. U. 

A collection of seed and plant catalogues of American firms, 1940. 
23v. 

Houghton, Mr. Kenneth. 

Flowers all summer for four or five years. 

Jackson, Mr. Robert T. 

The horticulturist; new ed. 1860. 

Massachusetts Agricultural Club. 

Anniversary scrap book, 1840-1940. 

Mitchell, Mrs. F. W. 

Lover of gardens, with illus. by Beatrice Parsons. 

National Rose Society. 

Select list of roses and instructions for pruning; [new & rev. ed.]. 
[1940?]. 

Nehrling, Mr. Arno H. 

A collection of nursery catalogs. 

Souvenir of the 50th anniversary of the New York Florists' Club, 
1887-1937. 

Ontario Department of Agriculture. 

Weeds of Ontario, by John E. Howitt and J. D. MacLeod. 

Steele, Mr. Fletcher. 

Flore d'Haiti, by Henry D. Barker and W. S. Dardeau. 1930. 
Grammar of color : arrangements of Strathmore papers . . . according 
to the Munsell color system ... by the Strathmore paper co. 1921. 
(and other works on color). 



GIFTS TO THE LIBRARY 71 

Teele, Mrs. Arthur P. 

Flower arrangement primer, by Mrs. Arthur P. Teele. 1940. 

United States Department of Agriculture. 

American medicinal plants of commercial importance, by A. F. 
Sievers. 1935. (U.S.D.A. Misc. pub. 77). 

Vasseur, Mr. Louis. 

Synopsis conif erarum, by Stephano Endlicher. 1847. 

Webster, Mr. Edwin S. 

Deerskin for book-binding. 

Wood, Mr. Allen H., Jr. 

Try these indoors, by Allen H. Wood, Jr. 1941. 

Wyman, Mr. Donald. 

American association of nurserymen. Report of convention 1939. 



Garden Clubs Not Members of the 
Massachusetts Federation 

Abington Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. J. B. Kent, 966 Hancock St., Abington. 

Secretary, Mrs. Lindall C. Blanchard, 1040 Plymouth St., Abington. 

Acton Center Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Elwin Hallowell, Wheeler Lane, R.F.D. North Acton. 
Secretary, Mrs. Lynne Townsend, Concord Road, Acton Center. 

Attleboro Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Donald Thomas, 12 Cambridge St., Attleboro. 
Secretary, Mrs. Fred E. Babcock, 855 South Main St., Attleboro. 

Bernardston Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Margaret Dunnell, Bernardston. 
Secretary, Mrs. Georgianna Herrick, Bernardston. 

Beverly Improvement Society. 

President, Miss Winnifred P. Upton, 10 Highland Ave., Beverly. 
Secretary, Mrs. John Wilson, Lothrop St., Beverly. 

Bourne, Aptucxet Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. George Ballantine, Cataumet. 
Secretary, Mrs. Willis Swift, Cataumet. 

Bridgewater Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Albert F. Hunt, 28 School St., Bridgewater. 
Secretary, Mrs. Frank W. Burrill, Pleasant St., Bridgewater. 

C hartley Garden Club. 
President, Mrs. Howard Crowe, Chartley. 
Secretary, Miss Louise Cooper, 900 Pleasant St., Attleboro. 

Clinton Woman's Club, Department of Gardens of the. 
Chairman, Mrs. A. D. Perham, 536 High St., Clinton. 
Secretary, Mrs. William Hoffman, Clinton. 

Cohasset, Amateur Gardeners. 
President, Mrs. William R. May, Cedar Lane, Cohasset. 
Secretary, Mrs. Lloyd C. Trott, South Main St., Cohasset. 

Easton Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. George C. Powell, Sr., 9 Day St., North Easton. 
Secretary, Miss Marian Goward, 38 Center St., North Easton. 

Endicott Garden Club. 
President, Mrs. Ruth Bestwick, Taylor Road, Dedham. 
Secretary, Mrs. Clara Cobbett, Sprague St., Dedham. 

Franklin Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Albert L. Saunders, West Medway. 
Secretary, Mrs. Mary L. Bly, 95 Park Road, Franklin. 

72 



GARDEN CLUBS NOT MEMBERS OP MASSACHUSETTS FEDERATION 73 

Georgetown Garden Club. 
President, Mrs. Alice Stetson, 17 SpofEard Ave., Georgetown. 
Secretary, Miss Hattie Wilde, 125 Central St., Georgetown. 

Hampden Garden Club. 

President, Mr. James Morgan, Mountain Road, Hampden. 
Secretary, Mrs. Winthrop Kibbe, Somers Road, Hampden. 

Hampshire County Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Warren D. McAvoy, Village Hill Road, Williamsburg. 
Secretary, Mrs. A. L. Judge, 169 Chestnut St., Northampton. 

Hanover Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. David Bailey, Norwell. 
Secretary, Mrs. Gilbert Ordway, Hanover. 

High Street Hill Garden Club. 

Chairman, Mrs. James Aldrich, 270 Boylston St., Brookline. 
Secretary, Mrs. Chester S. Keefer, 14 Allerton St., Brookline. 

Holden Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Hastings Hawkes, Holden. 
Secretary, Mrs. Don Maynard, Holden. 

Holliston Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Allan R. Bliss, 9 Concord St., East Holliston. 
Secretary, Mrs. Benjamin W. Bartholomew, Norfolk St., Holliston. 

Hopedale Woman's Club, Garden Department of. 

President, Mrs. Paul C. Grant, Jr., 113 Dutcher St., Hopedale. 
Secretary, Mrs. Alfred French, Jr., Union St., Hopedale. 

Hopkinton Garden Club. 
President, Mrs. Wm. H. Dempsey, Main St., Hopkinton. 
Secretary, Mrs. John Beattie, C Street, Hopkinton. 

Hubbardston Continuation Club. 

President, Mrs. Richard Lyon, Hubbardston. 
Secretary, Mrs. Willard A. Slade, Hubbardston. 

Marblehead, The Arrangers of 

President, Mrs. Parker H. Kemble, 185 Washington St., Marblehead. 
Secretary, Mrs. Wilson H. Roads, 7 Beach St., Marblehead. 

Marblehead Woman's Club, Conservation and Garden Group of. 
Chairman, Mrs. William A. Riley, 37 Harris St., Marblehead. 
Secretary, Mrs. Robert Moore, Birch St., Marblehead. 

Marlboro Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Robert P. Frye, 234 Pleasant St., Marlboro. 
Secretary, Mrs. George Grandi, 11 Hildreth St., Marlboro. 

Medford Hillside, Garden Group of Mothers' Club of. 

President, Mrs. Earle C. Norse, 40 Mystic St., West Medford. 
Secretary, Mrs. A. Ernest Warwick, 70 Greenleaf Ave., Medford 
Hillside. 



74 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Monson Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Belle Morris, Palmer Road, Monson. 
Secretary, Mrs. George Welch, 177 Main St., Monson. 

Needham, Men's Garden Club of. 

President, Mr. George M. Wragg, 178 West St., Needham. 
Secretary, Mr. J. Corwin Wright, 893 Webster St., Needham. 

New Century Garden and Conservation Club. 

President, Mrs. Catherine Enard, 96 Rumford Ave., Mansfield. 
Secretary, Mrs. Annis Binns, 249 West St., Mansfield. 

Newton Upper Falls Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Frank Mordo, 5 Summer St., Newton Upper Falls. 
Secretary, Mrs. H. K. Morse, 60 High St., Newton Upper Falls. 

North Attleboro Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. 0. L. Schubert, South St., Plainville. 
Secretary, Mr. Harry L. Dixon, South St., Plainville. 

Oxford Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. William W. Taft, Box 312, Oxford. 
Secretary, Mrs. Maurice Healy, Oxford. 

Pelham Woman's Club, Garden Section of. 

President, Mrs. Herman Goodell, R.D. 2, Amherst. 
Secretary, Mrs. Raymond C. Robinson, R.D. 2, Amherst. 

Pembroke-Hanson Garden Club. 

President, Miss Marian Cole, East Pembroke. 

Secretary, Mrs. H. H. Chevigny, Wampatuck St., Pembroke. 

Pepperell Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Warren C. Fuller, Hollis St., East Pepperell. 
Secretary, Mrs. Franklin C. Wiley. Elm St., Pepperell. 

Rehoboth Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Elliott F. Parker, Bay State Road, Rehoboth. 
Secretary, Mrs. Morris Wuerpel, Anawan St., Rehoboth. 

Rochester Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Henry Olanssen, Rochester. 
Secretary, Mrs. Chester H. Cowen, Rochester. 

Rockland Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. George A. Hurley, 99 Payson Ave., Rockland. 
Secretary, Mrs. Minot Stoddard, North Hanover. 

Shelburne Falls Garden Club. 

President, Mr. Robert A. Lillpopp, Shelburne Falls. 
Secretary, Mrs. Fred Schontag, Shelburne Falls. 

Sohanno Garden Club. 
President, Mrs. George L. Dodd, Wrentham. 
Secretary, Mrs. Harry Metcalf, Wrentham. 



GARDEN CLUBS NOT MEMBERS OF MASSACHUSETTS FEDERATION 75 

Southborough Garden Group. 

President, Mrs. Charles M. Proctor, Oak Hill Road, Fayville. 
Secretary, Mrs. Chester M. Bean, Cordaville. 

Southbridge Garden Group. 
President, Mrs. Frank A. Morey, 32 Maple St., Southbridge. 

South Warren Community Garden Club. 
President, Mrs. Kenneth Tuttle, R.F.D. 1, West Brookfield. 
Secretary, Mrs. D. Walker Cheney, R.F.D. , Brimfield. 

Spencer Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Marion Adams, Grant St., Spencer. 
Secretary, Mrs. Elsie Hitchings, Hillsville, Spencer. 

Stoneham Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. John S. Gallagher, 296 Green St., Stoneham. 
Secretary, Miss Laura Lee, 220 William St., Stoneham. 

Sunderland Woman's Club, Garden Section of. 
Chairman, Mrs. Clifton Hubbard, Sunderland. 
Secretary, Mrs. Nellie Russ, Sunderland. 

Swansea, Country Garden Club of. 
President, Mrs. Ralph Loper, Touisset. 
Secretary, Mrs. Alice Smales, Touisset. 

Tewksbury Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. J. E. Streckwald, 15 Dover St., Lowell. 
Secretary, Mrs. Frank Ryone, Tewksbury. 

Ware Social Science Club, Garden Department of. 

Chairman, Mrs. Philip Palamountain, 91 Church St., Ware. 
Co-Chairman, Mrs. John H. Schoonmaker, 110 Church St., Ware. 

Westborough Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Ruby W. Stone, 9 Ruggles St., Westborough. 
Secretary, Mrs. Walter A. Harrington, 108 West Main St., 
Westborough. 

West Bridgewater Garden Club. 

President, Miss Hampe, South St., West Bridgewater. 

Secretary, Mrs. Charlotte Hurley, Monument Sq., West Bridgewater. 

West Dennis Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Edward W. Vogel, Box 413, South Yarmouth. 
Secretary, Mrs. W. H. Heptonstall, West Dennis. 

West Newbury Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. George E. Hale, 35 Main St., West Newbury. 
Secretary, Mrs. Parker H. Nason, 347 Main St., West Newbury. 

Weston Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. William C. Conant, Newton St., Weston. 
Secretary, Mrs. Mortimer T. Farley, Summer St., Weston. 



76 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

West Newton, Educational Garden Club of. 

President, Mrs. A. W. Coulter, 218 Melrose St., Auburndale. 
Secretary, Mrs. Roy H. Stinson, 28 Davis Ave., West Newton. 

Whitinsville Woman's Club Garden Group. 

President, Mrs. Ernest P. Barnes, 11 Spring St., Whitinsville. 
Secretary, Mrs. Edward A. Ballard, Main St., Linwood. 

Whitman Men's Garden Club. 

President, Mr. Gilbert Emery, Vernon St., Whitman. 
Secretary, Mr. Lester Quinlan, North Abington. 

Whitman, Women's Garden Club of. 

President, Mrs. Merle L. Averell, 815 Washington St., Whitman. 
Secretary, Miss Helena Pearson, 20 Gold St., Whitman. 

Wilbraham Women's Club Garden Group. 
Leader, Mrs. Harry L. Piper, Glendale Road, North Wilbraham. 

Winchendon Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Theodore N. Tafleur, 413 Central St., Winchendon. 
Secretary, Mrs. Donald MacMillan, 496 Central St., Winchendon. 



Necrology 



The following is a list of the members of the Massachusetts 
Horticultural Society whose deaths were reported during the year 
ending May 1, 1941. 



Dr. Z. B. Adams 

Miss Caroline F. Anderson 

Mr. Fred S. Arnold 

Dr. Gorham Bacon 

Miss Marion E. Bardwell 

Miss Bertha Bartlett 

Mr. Frederick C. Becker 

Mrs. Arthur W. Blake 

Mrs. William C. Bond 

Mrs. Edward P. Bosson 

Mrs. G. C. F. Bratenahl 

Mrs. Samuel Brown 

Miss Sarah K. Burgess 

Miss Jessie L. Burns 

Miss Edith G. Burton 

Miss Rose C. Chadbourne 

Mr. F. N. Chandler 

Mr. James Chynoweth 

Mrs. Lowell T. Clapp 

Mrs. Charles K. Cobb 

Mrs. Norris P. Colby 

Mr. I. W. Comey 

Miss Caroline Parkman Cordner 

Mr. Alfred J. Crane 

Mrs. Charles E. Davies 

Mrs. Stanley W. Dexter 

Miss Florence A. Dunbar 

Mrs. Alton D. Edes 

Mr. Arioch Wentworth Erickson 

Mr. James W. Eustis 

Mr. Harold L. Frost 

Mrs. Frederick E. Garland 

Mrs. J. H. G. Gilbert 

Mr. Edwin D. Gurney 

Mr. John A. Hay 

Mr. Rudolph Henn 

Miss Ann Hibbard 

Mrs. Bertha M. Higgins 

Mrs. Ellis Hollingsworth 

Mrs. Mark Hollingsworth 

Mrs. Levi Holmes 



Mrs. Horace M. Houser 
Mrs. Llewellyn Howland 
Mr. George I' Anson 
Miss Helen L. Jones 
Mr. Theodore L. Kelly 
Mrs. Albert B. Kimball 
Miss Alice Kimball 
Hon. Moody Kimball, Esq. 
Mr. Henry P. King 
Miss Jessie E. Kloseman 
Mr. William R. Landers 
Mrs. Lester Leland 
Mrs. Herman E. Lewis 
Mr. Arthur H. Lippincott 
Mrs. Homer Loring 
Mrs. Emily S. Lovell 
Mrs. Edward Marsh 
Mr. Albert D. McCarthy 
Mr. H. F. Mclntire 
Mrs. Albert G. Milbank 
Mr. John H. Moore 
Mrs. Paul B. Morgan 
Mr. George T. Morrow 
Mr. Wilbur J. Munroe 
Mrs. Samuel C. Murfitt 
Mrs. Herbert W. Newhall 
Mr. William M. Noble 
Mrs. Edith E. Peterson 
Mrs. Grace M. Pettee 
Mrs. Dudley L. Pickman 
Miss Jessie M. Plaisted 
Mrs. H. H. Powers 
Dr. Henry S. Pritchett 
Mr. William Reoch 
Mrs. Charles A. Ricks 
Mr. George P. Riley 
Mr. Chester G. Rogers 
Mr. William S. Rumrill 
Mr. Frank Schenck 
Mrs. Helen N. Sears 
Miss Elsie L. Shaw 



77 



78 



MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 



Mr. Louis A. Shaw 

Mr. Franklin P. Shumway 

Mrs. J. F. Simpson 

Mrs. Wilfred J. Slade 

Miss Clara G. Soule 

Mr. Charles A. Stone 

Mrs. Kenneth Taylor 

Mrs. Bayard Thayer 

Mr. Augustus P. Thompson 

Mr. Eben Francis Thompson 



Dr. Augustus Thorndike 
Miss Alice Adele Todd 
Miss Mary A. Walker 
Miss Catherine Walsh 
Mr. George N. Whipple 
Mr. Frank Weston Whitcher 
Mr. Harold P. Whitney 
Miss C. Amelia Williams 
Mr. Horace I. Wilson 
Mr. John Woodbury 



The Late Mrs. Bayard Thayer 

The Society suffered a very heavy loss in April, 1941, in the 
death of Mrs. Bayard Thayer, who had been a life member since 
April 13, 1900. Mrs. Thayer was very active in the work of the 
Society for many years and was elected a trustee in January 1, 
1921, being the first woman accorded that honor. She was a 
member of the Committee on Gardens for seven years, much of 
the time as chairman. She was a member of the Executive Com- 
mittee from 1925 to 1929 and again from 1936 to 1940. A member 
of the Library Committee from 1927 to 1936, Mrs. Thayer took 
great interest in the Library and did much to improve its stand- 
ing. She resigned as trustee in May, 1940, because of advanced 
age, and was immediately made an honorary trustee. Mrs. Thayer 
was especially active at the time of the Society's Centennial 
Exhibition in 1929 and presented a silver trophy, which was 
won by Mrs. Clement S. Houghton and Mrs. E. B. Dane with a 
rock garden. In 1925 she offered $250 in prizes for the cultivation 
of wild flowers and in 1929 presented an automatic slide lantern 
to the Society. 



Benevolent Fraternity Fruit and 
Flower Mission 

At the close of its 72nd year of friendly service the Benevolent 
Fraternity Fruit and Flower Mission — the oldest organization of 
its kind — is privileged to express its grateful appreciation to the 
Trustees of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society for the head- 
quarters room in the basement of Horticultural Hall and for the 
continued interest of the secretary, Mr. Farrington. 

As never before our organization is meeting a real need during 
this time of stress and anxiety. Illness, old age and loneliness are 
pervading factors here and our volunteers have stood by loyally, 
sharing with us their time, efforts and generous donations, al- 
though the year has demanded much of them in service for our 
friends across the seas. 

Seven hundred fifteen hampers, cartons, etc., were received at 
the Centres during the Summer of 1940 and 24 towns had a 100 
per cent record. 

Five hundred twenty-one containers of flower arrangement; 
13 harvest gift baskets and 1154 "jaunty" bouquets from two 
garden clubs alone were sent out on Wednesday mornings from 
headquarters. 

Four hundred forty-nine Thanksgiving, Christmas and Easter 
baskets were distributed, including 70 gift baskets judged in 
competition. 

One hundred sixty-two volunteers assisted in trimming, assem- 
bling and delivering these holiday baskets. 

Spring Flower Show tickets from Mrs. Whitney provided red- 
letter days for 30 recipients, who otherwise could not have reveled 
in the beauty of the exhibits. An English woman, who works in a 
restaurant and whose family is in London, said, "I could only stay 
three hours and wished I could have stayed all day, it was so 
lovely. I can go to bed now and think of flowers instead of bombs." 

The Massachusetts Horticultural Society provides the oppor- 
tunity for spreading much cheer. 

Emily I. Elliott, Executive Secretary. 



79 
















v. 



MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL 

SOCIETY 



REPORTS 

OF THE 

OFFICERS and COMMITTEES 



Presented at the 
ANNUAL MEETING, MAY 5, 1941 



Annual Meeting, 1941 

The annual meeting of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society 
was held in Horticultural Hall at 3:00 p.m. on May 5, 1941. 
Preceding it the secretary gave an illustrated talk about the 
activities of the Society throughout the previous year. The table 
of the presiding officer was decorated with several handsome 
orchid plants from the greenhouses of Mr. Edwin S. Webster. 
Mr. Webster was in the chair and named as tellers Mr. Edwin F. 
Steffek, Mr. George Graves, Miss Barbara Campbell, and Miss 
Faith Freeman. The secretary read the call for the meeting and 
the minutes of the previous annual meeting and the president 
gave his annual address. Reports were then presented by the 
secretary, treasurer, and various committee chairmen. 

The President's Address 

We are told that no one should presume to predict the future. 
It is not a matter of prophecy, however, but a matter of logic 
which makes it clear that this Society is now facing a critical 
period in its history. This fact is difficult to realize in view of the 
serenity and reasonable prosperity prevailing at the moment. 
Yet, no one can doubt that with the coming of taxes which will 
take up to one-third, if not more, of the average person's income, 
there will be a marked inclination to reduce all unnecessary ex- 
penses. It is true that we have not become involved in actual 
warfare, and yet, conditions are likely to approximate those which 
existed some 20 years ago, at which time the Society suspended 
most of its activities. 

In view of these facts, it seems important that we should con- 
sider how to chart our course in the months to come. May I say 
first of all, that we do not recognize any emergency now or in the 
future which will compel this Society to depart from its great 
mission, which is to encourage the growing of those things which 
are pleasant to the eye and nourishing to the body. We can con- 
ceive of no situation which shall do away with the necessity of 
spreading information about such matters and we consider that 
the work of this organization is quite as necessary as that of those 
groups devoted to actual defense work. If there is any one thing 
which demoralizes a people and makes them amenable to sug- 
gestions of discouragement and despair, it is the lack of morale. 
Different meanings are placed on that word, morale, but we re- 
gard it as meaning serenity of mind and a certain uplift which 
gives immunity to suggestions such as those I have mentioned. 

83 



84 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

That being true, it is imperative that people should be able to 
turn to some interest which will absorb their attention, at least 
for a short time, and thus help them to maintain a balanced 
mental equilibrium. I believe with all my heart that this can be 
accomplished in no better way than through the medium of 
gardens, flower shows, and gatherings of garden-minded persons. 

We can have no better proof that what I say is realistic, than 
the example that comes to us from across the water. Recently the 
following cablegram was received by this Society : 

"The Council and fellows of the Royal Horticultural 
Society gathered in London for their annual meeting and 
their first flower show of the season, send affectionate 
thanks to their fellow gardeners in America for all the 
sympathy, encouragement, and assistance that they have 
freely expressed and offered. 

(Signed) Aberconway, President. 1 ' 

It seems to me that in this cablegram we have the answer to two 
questions now being asked about the course we are to follow. The 
first question is, "Will the Society continue to function in all its 
departments regardless of what the year ahead may bring?" 

The second question is, "Will this Society continue to hold its 
flower shows and in particular, will it go ahead with plans for 
the great Spring exhibition next March?" 

In view of the fact that the Royal Horticultural Society under 
stress of constant attack and with bombs falling all about its 
offices and library, continues to carry on, and in view of the fact 
that it still holds flower shows under these tragic conditions, there 
can be but one answer to these questions. The Royal Horticultural 
Society is carrying on, not with any air of bravado, but in the 
sincere conviction that it has an important part to play in keeping 
up the spirits of the British people and in dealing with a situation 
far beyond any that we can consider as even possible in this 
country. 

Indeed, our problem is not one which comes from a physical 
attack on the part of an enemy, but from the economic conditions 
which are certain to result from the imposition of extremely high 
taxes and a disposition on the part of many people to alter their 
usual way of life. 

I believe, however, that this Society may need to make some 
changes in the form of its activities. I am asking the secretary and 
his staff to devise some method by which to get closer to the great 
body of the Society's membership. I make the suggestion that the 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1941 85 

members in different cities and towns be called together for local 
meetings to be addressed by the secretary or members of our staff 
and to discuss measures by which to bring the Society to the 
attention of a larger number of persons. I suggest that these local 
groups provide lectures or garden clinics or by some other means 
seek to extend a knowledge of the Society's work among persons 
to whom it is now unknown. I suggest that a great number of 
classes, clinics, meetings and lectures be held at Horticultural 
Hall for those who wish to attend, and that the 14 or 15 different 
organizations having headquarters in Horticultural Hall be asked 
to give their assistance along these lines. 

I suggest that au even greater co-operation with the garden 
clubs be kept in mind, as they are a very potent force in any 
movement of this kind. They should be brought into the picturt 
if possible whenever meetings of local members in the different 
cities and towns are planned. Then, finally, I suggest that greater 
attention be given to the dissemination of information about 
vegetable growing through lectures, classes and the pages of 
Horticulture, as well as by adequate exhibits at the various exhibi- 
tions, particularly the Spring Flower Show to be held next March. 

All this Avill have as its aim the maintenance of our member- 
ship at, at least, its present level. The loss in membership, which 
has been going on for the last two or three years, is receiving 
serious consideration on the part of the Trustees. We feel that this 
loss must in some way be stopped if the Society is to continue its 
work on its present broad scale. We know the loss is occasioned to 
a considerable degree by a feeling on the part of many persons 
that the money used for a membership should be devoted to war 
relief. 

This, then, is the message which I should like to have all of 
our members take home to themselves and express to others — 
that the work which this Society is doing will be just as important 
in the long run as that of any other organization, no matter what 
its direct purpose may be. T realize that what I am saying may 
sound somewhat fanciful and not applicable to conditions as they 
exist at the moment, but there is no question whatever, as all 
thoughtful people know, that these conditions will be changed to 
a startling degree within a few months, or just as soon as the 
effects of the new taxation policy, by which the Government is to 
raise three billion dollars, begins to be felt. 

Just now the outlook for next year's Spring Show is most 
encouraging. Private exhibitors and commercial exhibitors are 
already asking for space. We are planning to hold the show in 



86 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Mechanics Building as usual, and we believe that it will be as 
extensive an exhibition and as largely attended as any which 
we have held in the past. We are not worried at all about this 
show because we are sure our citizens will be hungering for such 
a display as will be seen at that time, no matter what may happen 
between now and then. 

However, we do not want this Society to be merely a show 
organization. We want it to be active and mobile in all its depart- 
ments, ready to adapt itself to any needs which may arise and 
with the whole-hearted backing of the men and women who have 
contributed to its prosperity in recent years. 

I am not attempting in any way today to review the past year's 
activities of the Society. I shall leave that to the secretary and 
to committee chairmen. I simply want to leave with you some 
thoughts about our grand old Society, its usefulness and its fu- 
ture, based on my fairly wide knowledge of economic conditions 
throughout the country, and of what I, without pretending to be 
a prophet or the son of a prophet, expect to take place in the days 
to come. 

Edwin S. Webster, President. 

Report of the Secretary 

Much has been accomplished in the past year by way of broad- 
ening the Society's activities and reaching greater numbers of 
persons interested in some phase of horticulture. The opening of 
classes in flower arrangement for women living in city apartments 
has aroused particular interest and has brought favorable com- 
ments from many parts of the country, with the prospect that 
similar undertakings will be inaugurated in other places. The 
fact has been demonstrated, that a great number of women in city 
homes, without the benefit of gardens, and dependent upon florists' 
flowers for decorating their homes, nevertheless have an innate love 
of plants and are glad of an opportunity to join classes in Horti- 
cultural Hall. It seems to be within the bounds of probability 
that flower arrangement clubs will be organized for apartment 
house dwellers, thus bringing a new interest to women who live 
in the cities. 

A two-day class in practical gardening for home makers, car- 
ried on with the co-operation of the Waltham Field Station and 
the Arnold Arboretum, was very successful. Various lectures, 
meetings, and classes sponsored by the organizations having their 
headquarters in Horticultural Hall have been held throughout the 
Winter. This year's open house in February was largely attended 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1941 87 

and was participated in by most of the organizations meeting 
here. 

Another office has been established on the mezzanine floor and 
has been taken over by the American Herb Society, the corre- 
spondence of which has become exceedingly large because of the 
work it is doing in disseminating knowledge about the growing 
of herbs for medicinal purposes. This is a matter of great impor- 
tance and the American Herb Society has undertaken the task of 
giving out the true facts in order that people may be deterred 
from embarking upon a venture which might be certain to fail. 

A departure from the custom of previous years which has 




Mr. Herbert R. Redden's exhibit at the Harvest Show, 1940. 

attracted much attention was inspired by the Committee on 
Gardens when it recommended to the Trustees that scrolls instead 
of medals be given to cities, towns, schools, institutions and com- 
mercial concerns which have planted their grounds, or any part 
of them, with particular skill and success. 

This new plan was developed by the Committee on Gardens 
from a suggestion made by Mr. Harold Ross, a member of the 
committee, and was presented to the Trustees by the committee's 
chairman, Mr. William Ellery, who later had the satisfaction of 
presenting one of the scrolls to the Town of Winchester at a 
largely attended meeting. 

A similar scroll was awarded to the City of Boston for its 



88 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

success in maintaining the Boston Public Garden over a long 
term of years. It is one of the outstanding gardens of its kind in 
America. The scroll was presented to Mayor Maurice J. Tobin 
by Mr. Edwin S. Webster, president of this Society, at a gather- 
ing in City Hall. The mayor then handed it to the Commissioner 
of Parks, Mr. William T. Long, with the suggestion that it be 
hung on the wall of the department's office. 

Other scrolls were awarded to the Commonwealth of Massa- 
chusetts through the Department of Public Works for roadside 
planning and planting on routes No. 9 and No. 10, and another 
to the City of Everett for the landscaping and planting of the 
Parlin School. 

In the course of the year this Society became a member of the 
Massachusetts Conservation Council. The Society has maintained 
weekly broadcasts over station WE EI throughout the year. In the 
past these broadcasts have been given at 9 -.00 o'clock on Saturday 
mornings, but in the future they will be given at 10:30 a.m. on 
Saturdays. Judging from the letters which have been received, 
these broadcasts have reached a considerable number of persons, 
but the Society is glad to have attention called to them in order 
that the number of listeners may be increased. 

Rentals showed a decided upturn in 1940, the total receipts 
being $4734.71 as against $3880.94 in 1939. This is the largest 
amount received from rentals since 1935. The high figure was due 
in part to the fact that the halls were used by the American 
Legion for its headquarters at the time of its convention. Against 
this increase in revenue is the falling off of receipts from Mount 
Auburn Cemetery, which amounted last year to only $935, the 
lowest amount received for one-half century. It cannot be ex- 
pected, of course, that large amounts will be derived from this 
source in the future, inasmuch as few lots are being sold in the 
older part of the cemetery. 

However, the loss which most concerns those directing the 
Society's activities is the loss of members. The shrinkage is not 
nearly as heavy as last year, but it has persisted month after 
month, in spite of all the efforts which have been made to check it. 
It may be that the suggestions made by the president will be 
helpful in devising methods in which to start the membership on 
the uptrend once more. 

In spite of the fact that the membership is less, the number of 
persons coming to the Hall for advice and assistance has con- 
stantly increased, so that the members of the staff are busy much 
of the time answering questions. Every effort is made to give 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1941 89 

service along these lines, even though the visitors in many in- 
stances are not members of the Society. 

The shows have been largely attended and an invitation from 
the trustees to the Chrysanthemum Society of America to hold its 
annual show here in November, has been accepted. 

This Society has been engaged in active efforts to combat the 
spread of the Japanese beetle in Massachusetts and to aid in con- 
trol of the elm leaf beetle. It is issuing a bulletin about the 
Japanese beetle and its present locations in the state. This bulletin 
will be given without charge to those who apply for it. "Work done 
through the newspapers last Summer helped to bring about an 
additional spraying of elm trees in various cities and towns where 
the elm leaf beetle infestation remained long after the usual 
date of its departure. All this work was made possible by special 
contributions. 

It has not been easy at times to carry on the Society's work in 
the past year because of the dust and noise brought about by the 
work on the subway and the underpass at the corner of Massa- 
chusetts and Huntington Avenues. Annoyance from this source 
was very great last Summer, but has been forgotten now that the 
subway is in use. It is now possible to reach Horticultural Hall 
from Park Street in a very few minutes and prominence has been 
given to the Hall in the Park Street station. 

The secretary is grateful to the Trustees and Committees for 
their kindness and support throughout the year and extends his 
thanks to the members of his staff for their co-operation and help. 

E. I. Farrington, Secretary. 



Report of the Treasurer 

STATEMENT OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AT 
DECEMBER 31, 1940 

Assets 

Cash in Banks and on Hand $ 37,552.26 

Treasurer: In bank $ 21,911.65 

In hands of broker 8,041.76 

Bursar : In bank 6,048.15 

On hand 10.00 

Savings bank deposits 1,540.70 

$ 37,552.26 
Investments — Valued at cost 539,185.06 



90 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Capital assets — see note 1 579,736.70 

Real estate $498,564.63 

Improvements and additions to buildings 34,591.60 

Library 46,580.47 

$579,736.70 
Deferred Charges : Spring show 1941 1,731.27 

$1,158,205.29 
Not e 1 : Depreciation on capital assets has not been provided for. 

Liabilities and Capital Funds 

Liabilities — Accounts payable $ 2.60 

Sundry Funds 454,752.31 

Special uses : Principal $165,913.73 

Unexpended income 8,995.28 

■ $174,909.01 

General uses : Principal 279,843.30 

$454,752.31 

Donations Special 798.68 

Life Membership Fees 22,844.00 

Mount Auburn Cemetery Fund 55,053.52 

Library Cataloguing Fund 923.32 

Capital 564,524.70 

Surplus (Capital) 50,209.07 

Balance, January 1, 1940 $ 54,905.44 

Deduct : Loss on sales securities 4,696.37 

$50,209.07 

Surplus (Earned) 9,097.09 

Balance, January 1, 1940 $ 5,730.59 

Add: 

Receipt of bond interest due 1939 $ 35.00 

Income over expenditures 6,339.50 

6,374.50 

12,105.09 
Deduct : 

Transfer to Show Fund $ 3,000.00 

Expenses paid on 1937 Plant 

and Flower Show 8.00 

3,008.00 

$ 9,097.09 

$1,158,205.29 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1941 91 

STATEMENT OF INCOME AND EXPENDITURES 

Year Ended Year Ended 

Income December 31, 1940 December 31, 1939 
Income from investments and 
bank interest (less proportion 

allocated to restricted funds) $26,543.24 $23,491.10 

Membership fees 19,386.00 17,633.50 

Rentals 4,734.71 3,880.94 

Spring show— 1940 24,085.30 

Spring show— 1939 16,668.85 

Incidentals 365.05 243.99 

Sundry donations 50.00 60.00 

$75,164.30 $61,978.38 

Add : Horticulture income .... 1,090.99 



$75,164.30 $63,069.37 
Expenditures 
Operating Expenses : 

Building expenses $17,583.52 $19,450.97 

Library expenses 6,535.88 7,295.58 

Office and general expenses . . 35,764.18 32,392.18 

Misc. exhibition expense 5,689.62 4,993.05 

Autumn show— 1940 1,043.59 

Autumn show— 1939 1,077.94 

$66,616.79 $65,209.72 

Awards, Lectures, and Miscellaneous : 

Lectures 61.19 

Medals and certificates 714.62 572.60 

Prizes in excess of funds .... 640.00 248.67 

1,415.81 821.27 



Add : Horticulture loss 792.20 



$68,824.80 $66,030.99 
Excess of Income Over Expenditures — 

Transferred to Surplus Earned $ 6,339.50 $ 2,961.62 

INVESTMENTS AT DECEMBER 31, 1940 

Bonds 

Rate Maturity Cost 

% Date Value 

$15,000 Alabama Power Co 5 6/1/51 $14,999.73 

5,000 Allis Chalmers Manufacturing Co 4 9/1/52 5,100.00 

2,000 American European Securities Co. 

Series B 5 5/1/58 1,910.00 

4,000 Anaconda Copper Mining Co 4V 2 10/1/50 3,663.75 

15,000 Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Co 4 7/1/52 14,608.11 



92 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

15,000 Central Pacific Ry. Co. Through Short 

Line 4 10/1/54 14,943.75 

15,000 Columbus Electric and Power Co 5 11/1/54 14,700.00 

15,000 Community Power and Light 5 3/1/57 10,836.44 

10,000 Electric Power and Light 5 2/1/2030 8,676.29 

11,000 El Paso Electric Co 5 6/1/50 11,465.17 

15,000 Federal Light & Traction Co 6 3 '1/42 15,507.88 

15,000 Florida Power & Light Co 5 1/1/54 12,979.21 

10,000 Kentucky Utilities Co 4V 2 2/1/55 10,150.00 

15,000 Los Angeles Electric Co. Dept. Water and 

Power 3V 2 1/15/66 15,450.00 

15,000 Louisville & Nashville R. R. Co 3V 2 1/1/50 15,150.00 

15,000 Louisiana Power & Light 5 12/1/57 15,634.39 

15,000 Michigan Consolidated Gas Co 4 9/1/63 15,102.50 

15,000 National Distillers Product Co 3V 2 3/1/49 15,746.90 

15,000 National Power & Light 6 8/1/2026 16,577.34 

6,750 New Orleans Public Service 5 7/1/42 7,107.18 

5,000 North American Co 3V 2 2/1/49 5,044.62 

15,000 Penn-Ohio Edison Co 6 11/1/50 12,113.91 

14,000 Potomac Edison Co 5 11/1/56 12,222.22 

20,000 Puget Sound Power & Light Co 5V 2 6/1/49 17,445.00 

15,000 Railway & Light Securities Co 3V4 12/1/55 15,112.50 

3,000 Stone & Webster Realty Corp 5 3/1/47 3,060.00 

10,000 Union Pacific R. R. Co 4 7/1/47 7,952.99 

Total bonds $313,259.88 

Stocks 
Shares 

50 American Can Co $ 5,650.91 

140 American Telephone & Telegraph Co 21,145.96 

100 American Tobacco Co. "B" 10,200.23 

200 Buffalo, Niagara and Eastern Power Co. Pf d 4,150.00 

26 Commercial Credit Corp 7 1 _ __ . __ 

150 Commercial Credit Corp. 4V4% Cum. Pfd j lo,/74.5d 

265 13 V 600 Electric Bond & Share 7 

2,192 General Electric Co J ld < 489 - 8d 

100 First National Bank of Boston 5,025.00 

200 Indianapolis Power & Light Co 4,800.00 

20 International Match Realization Co. Ltd. v.t.c 3,561.25 

500 National Power and Light Co. $6 Pfd 50,750.00 

100 Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co. 

$5 Cum. Pfd 10,200.00 

160 North American Co. $3.00 Pfd 6,871.50 

100 Northern States Power Co. 7% Pfd 7,548.75 

365'/, Radio Corporation of America 

500 Southern California Edison Co. 5V 2 % Pfd 13,750.00 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1941 



93 



422 Tampa Electric Co 14,657.32 

200 Underwood Elliott Fisher 8,017.90 

200 United Fruit 12,660.00 

100 United Gas Corp. $7 Pfd 9,922.00 

100 U. S. Smelting, Refining & Mining Co. Pfd 6,750.00 

$225,925.18 
Summary 

Bonds $313,259.88 

Stocks 225,925.18 

Total $539,185.06 



SUNDRY FUNDS AT DECEMBER 31, 1940 
Income to Be Used for Special Purposes 



Samuel Appleton Fund 

Josiah Bradley Fund 

Albert Cameron Burrage — Library 

Albert Cameron Burrage — Show 

Albert Cameron Burrage — Porch Fund 

John C. Chaffin Fund 

William N. Craig Fund 

Benjamin B. Davis Fund 

Jackson Dawson Memorial Fund 

John S. Farlow Fund 

John S. Farlow Fund — Newton 

Horticultural Society 

Benjamin V. French Fund — No. 1 

Benjamin V. French Fund — No. 2 

John Allen French Fund 

John D. Williams French Fund 

Henry A. Gane Memorial Fund 

H. H. Hunnewell Fund — No. 1 

H. H. Hunnewell Fund— No. 2 

H. H. Hunnewell Fund— No. 3 

Nathaniel T. Kidder Fund 

John A. Lowell Fund 

Theodore Lyman Fund — No. 1 

Theodore Lyman Fund — No. 2 

Benjamin H. Pierce Fund 

Thomas Roland Fund 

John Lewis Russell Fund 

Show Fund 

William J. Walker Fund 



Unexpended 
Total Income Principal 
$ 1,000.00 $ $ 1,000.00 



1,000.00 

34,527.81 

20,444.00 

1,566.87 

1,000.89 

2,757.42 

500.00 

3,589.74 

2,512.21 

2,900.42 

500.00 

3,000.00 

5,000.61 

11,876.20 
1,000.00 
863.00 
2,148.87 
1,500.00 
5,250.00 
1,000.00 
1,000.00 

10,000.00 

813.09 

3,489.01 

1,491.08 

39,200.00 
2,354.77 



4,527.81 

444.00 

316.87 

.89 

257.42 

362.74 
12.21 



.61 
194.32 

363.00 

148.87 

250.00 



13.09 
489.01 
491.08 



.34 



1,000.00 

30,000.00 

20,000.00 

1,250.00 

1,000.00 

2,500.00 

500.00 

3,227.00 

2,500.00 

2,900.42 

50.0.00 

3,000.00 

5,000.00 

11,681.88 
1,000.00 
500.00 
2,000.00 
1,500.00 
5,000.00 
1,000.00 
1,000.00 

10,000.00 

800.00 

3,000.00 

1,000.00 

39,200.00 
2,354.43 



94 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Levi Whitcomb Fund 502.50 2.50 500.00 

George Robert White Fund 11,119.02 1,119.02 10,000.00 

Marshall P. Wilder Fund 1,001.50 1.50 1,000.00 

Total $174,909.01 $8,995.28 $165,913.73 

Income to Be Used for General Purposes 

Anonymous Funds $ 1,000.00 $ 1,000.00 

Albert Cameron Burrage Fund 1,200.00 1,200.00 

John Chaney Fund 1,000.00 1,000.00 

Helen Collamore Fund 5,000.00 5,000.00 

Arthur F. Estabrook Legacy 50,000.00 50,000.00 

Ida F. Estabrook Legacy 11,638.76 11,638.76 

Caroline S. Freeman Fund 10,000.00 10,000.00 

Frances Brown Hayes Bequest 189,904.54 189,904.54 

Frances Brown Hayes Fund 10,000.00 10,000.00 

Margaret Whitney Legacy 100.00 100.00 



Total $279,843.30 $279,843.30 

INCOME AND EXPENSES OF THE SPRING SHOWS 
IN 1940 AND 1939 

Income Spring Show, 1940 Spring Show, 1939 

Tickets: 

Regular admissions $52,396.25 

Trade tickets 2,595.00 

Students' tickets 5.50 

Members' tickets 7,394.00 

Garden Club tickets 10,924.10 

Trade space 

Restaurant 

Flower booth 5,151.73 

Less: Flower booth expense . 4,106.25 

Programs 

Check room 

Supplies sold 463.85 

Less : Cost of supplies sold . . 373.38 

Miscellaneous 

$86,996.80 $76,740.43 





$40,812.90 






3,060.75 






96.50 






8,001.25 




1 


11,321.65 




$73,314.85 


&a r . >no r\K 


•V 


UU,4Ji7U.UO 


9,181.67 




9,312.87 


1,217.27 


5,136.07 
4,048.76 


1,008.24 


- 1,045.48 




1,087.31 




1,825.51 




1,705.51 


317.50 

! 


813.65 
781.55 


301.05 


90.47 
4.05 




32.10 
.30 





annual meeting, 1941 95 

Expenditures 

Carting $ 164.80 $ 182.50 

Committee expense 35.87 42.50 

Committee fees 315.00 295.00 

Decorating 1,678.00 2,455.93 

Garden Club expenses 1,200.00 7,100.00 

Insurance 231.58 231.58 

Judges' expenses 492.68 1,056.31 

Labor 2,783.08 2,648.66 

Manager's commission and salary 4,926.14 4,104.32 

Manager's expenses 125.53 105.55 

Music 170.00 139.37 

Plant material and forcing .... 409.20 667.25 

Police 500.00 400.00 

Postage, stationery and supplies 544.99 596.37 

Printing 472.55 414.18 

Prizes, medals, and certificates . 22,039.97 16,781.11 

Publicity 9,397.01 8,504.62 

Rentals 8,251.71 8,304.64 

Rubbish removal 250.00 300.00 

Telephone 104.87 115.07 

Wheel chairs— net 11.25 40.10 

Miscellaneous 8,807.27 5,586.52 

62,911.50 60,071.58 



Excess of Income Over Expenditures $24,085.30 $16,668.85 

AUTUMN SHOW, 1940 
Income 

Tickets $2,408.90 

Expenses 

Postage $ 73.00 

Printing 31.00 

Publicity 330.90 

Supplies 8.20 

Labor 101.50 

Certificates 7.35 

Insurance 35.00 

Incidentals 14.00 

Prize Committee fees 25.00 

Decorating 34.50 

Signs 14.05 

Prizes 2,698.50 

Judges' expense 43.75 

Miscellaneous 35.74 

3,452.49 

Net Loss $1,043.59 



96 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

MISCELLANEOUS EXHIBITION EXPENSE 

Year Ended Year Ended 

December December 

31, 1940 31, 1939 

Salary $3,376.30 $3,266.80 

Printing 371.50 502.50 

Stationery and postage . 59.62 13.04 

Supplies 397.36 245.53 

Advertising 53.50 104.00 

Exhibition committee fees 185.00 210.00 

Prize committee fees 230.00 120.00 

Traveling 236.43 201.86 

Judges' expense 54.79 42.55 

Decorating and signs 169.64 187.50 

Repairs 1.50 34.64 

Incidentals 84.65 64.63 

Massachusetts State College Exhibition 431.83 

Miscellaneous 37.50 

Total $5,689.62 $4,993.05 

LIBRARY EXPENSES 

Year Ended Year Ended 

December December 

31, 1940 31, 1939 

Salaries $5,079.08 $5,373.98 

Binding and repairs 986.44 1,356.16 

Books and periodicals 21.45 2.73 

Printing 23.00 59.50 

Stationery and postage 66.01 157.16 

Supplies 341.30 520.99 

Insurance 9.60 9.60 

Incidentals 9.00 .75 

Repairs 28.50 

$6,535.88 $7,503.91 

Less : Income from Nathaniel T. Kidder Fund 208.33 

Total $6,535.88 $7,295.58 

OFFICE AND GENERAL EXPENSES 

Year Ended Year Ended 

December December 

31, 1940 31, 1939 

Salaries $22,138.31 $18,712.51 

Stationery and postage 2,324.39 2,274.93 

Printing 1,428.95 1,483.51 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1941 97 

Supplies and equipment 1,250.48 611.71 

Telephone and telegraph 821.32 816.43 

Traveling 155.94 211.21 

Subscriptions of members to Horticulture 5,716.50 6,446.19 

Incidentals 440.14 352.80 

Repairs 63.45 74.99 

Photos and slides 444.25 528.55 

Publicity 445.20 386.40 

Binding 20.79 13.75 

Miscellaneous 514.46 479.20 



Total $35,764.18 $32,392.18 

BUILDING EXPENSE 

Year Ended Year Ended 

December December 

31, 1940 31, 1939 

Labor $11,030.80 $10,909.30 

Supplies 570.16 342.65 

Heating 1,379.13 1,424.09 

Lighting 1,667.43 1,612.34 

Repairs and upkeep 1,313.52 2,486.20 

Insurance 1,064.48 1,793.69 

Incidentals 558.00 882.70 

Total $17,583.52 $19,450.97 

"HORTICULTURE" 

STATEMENT OF INCOME AND EXPENSES 

Year Ended Year Ended 

Income December 31, 1940 December 31, 1939 

Advertising $21,638.06 $25,251.10 

Subscriptions 27,630.78 26,345.60 

Books 5,758.30 2,849.02 

Advertising "Gardening in 

New England" 4,128.33 4,998.08 

Royalties and commissions .... 792.83 1,358.65 

Miscellaneous 352.26 283.69 

$60,300.56 $61,086.14 

Expenses 

Printing $22,704.91 $22,954.56 

Paper 11,610.71 10,335.66 

Cuts 2,815.26 3,005.00 

Wrappers 515.23 396.42 

Postage 4,959.11 4,777.97 



98 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Books 2,549.64 1,844.06 

Gardening in New England . . . 3,274.89 3,373.61 

Commissions and discounts .... 4,846.55 4,409.42 

Contributors 1,392.92 1,756.26 

Salaries 4,084.52 4,091.02 

Miscellaneous 2,339.02 3,051.17 

61,092.76 59,995.15 

Net Loss $ 792.20 

Net Income $ 1,090.99 

Note 2: The financial records of Horticulture are kept on a cash receipts and 
payments basis. The amounts due from advertisers and others, and the 
indebtedness for paper, printing, etc., are not reflected in the above 
statement. 

Report of the Library Committee 

Last year this Committee reported increased activity for its 
department, in spite of falling membership. We are glad to report 
that this rising tide has continued ; 5,346 books were loaned, an 
increase of 259 over last year and the largest circulation since 
1935. 

A survey last Fall brought out a few interesting comparisons 
of membership and active library patronage : for example, about 
one-eighth of the membership borrow books. Massachusetts has 
800 borrowers, the largest number, and about one-eighth of the 
state membership. The other five New England states together 
have 106 borrowers, about one-fifth of the collective membership. 
The following states have a 100 per cent record for borrowers: 
Alabama, Arizona, Indiana, Iowa, Missouri, Oklahoma, South 
Carolina, West Virginia and Wisconsin. 

The book collection was increased by 536 volumes, giving 26,913 
bound volumes now on our shelves. Several of these additions were 
of more than common importance, especially Elwes' and Henry's 
"Trees of Great Britain and Ireland," on which we bid at a Red 
Cross benefit sale held in London by the Royal Horticultural 
Society. 

The activity of the Library has been centered for much of the 
past year on the reclassifying and recataloguing. In spite of a 
long interruption during the Winter, enough has been done to 
prove that the project will be worth its cost in time, money and 
effort. Now the work is going forward again at a good pace. In 
January a sale of duplicate books brought in $28.50 to swell the 
cataloguing fund. 

The garden clubs have a standing invitation to hold meetings 
in the Library. Four clubs accepted during the past year, and one 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1941 99 

of the Library staff gave a book talk at the last meeting of the 
central group of the Garden Club Federation of Massachusetts. 
We enjoy the visits of such groups and we hope to have more of 
them. 

In the Fall, after Horticulture has announced the prize winners 
in the garden club year book contest, the whole collection is always 
put on display in the reading room. Later, small collections are 
made up for loan. They are eagerly received by the officers of 
horticultural societies and garden centers and individual clubs. 
Last Winter's collections are still traveling, and have been 
requested in eight states from Maine to Nebraska, Texas and 
Georgia. One appreciative officer wrote : "We have had many 
persons in to see them — I should say more than a hundred presi- 
dents and others who came just to study the books. Among the 
number were several men." 

The work of the Library is not limited to our own members, but 
reaches out to the community 7 in various ways. For example, 
students from the Boston School of Occupational Therapy came 
for an assigned study hour not long ago. There is constant inter- 
change with neighboring libraries and institutions as need arises 
on either side. This year, at the request of the instructor, our 
Librarian gave the Freshman class in horticulture at Lowthorpe 
School two talks on gardening books and the use of the Library. 

As a contact with the outside world, it may not be out of place 
to speak of the Society's booth at the Spring Flower Show, since 
responsibility for it seems to have fallen largely into the hands 
of the Library staff. In this booth are centered the information 
service of the Show itself, and the official point of contact for 
the Society with its visitors and members. Questions, comments 
and problems of all kinds are brought there, and they offer an 
unrivalled chance to demonstrate our many services and to win 
friends and members for the Society. During the past few years 
the staff has made a special effort to capitalize this opening by 
making the booth attractive, by taking to the Show a good work- 
ing collection of books, and by having well-informed consultants 
always at hand. It is gratifying to report that results show in 
growing activity and larger returns. 

For several Summers the Library and offices have enjoyed 

weekly bouquets of fresh flowers, often new or unusual varieties 

of special cultural interest. We are indebted for them to one of 

our members, Mr. Kenneth Houghton of Dedham. I should like 

to thank Mr. Houghton most cordially for the pleasure he has 

given to the staff and visitors. ~ T ^ ~ ~, . 

C. K. Cummings. Chairman. 



100 



MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL. SOCIETY 



Report of the Committee on Exhibitions 

The Committee on Exhibitions has held 14 meetings since May, 
1940, and one of these was with the Committee on Prizes. Co- 
ordinating the activities of the two committees before shows has 
proved to be a very necessary practice, diminishing post-exhibi- 
tion difficulties to the vanishing point by creating clearer under- 
standings among exhibitors, judges, and the show management. 

The exhibitions at Horticultural Hall have been well attended. 
All have been characterized by material of an unusually high 
grade. Those who contend that fruits, vegetables and flowers have 
advanced little in appearance or quality during the past decade 




Harvest Show in 1940. Exhibit by Dr. Thomas Barbour. 



must concede that each year marks a distinct improvement in 
the manner of showing them, at least. 

At all our shows, the attitude of judges toward violations of 
the rule book has become more severe. The requirements govern- 
ing exhibits have received hours of study on the part of the com- 
mittee and are clearly set forth. A yearly revision is made. There 
is no excuse for deviating from the rules, and the exhibitor who 
does so causes difficulty for the judges and sorrow for himself. 
Of course, there are always instances of where definitions are 
futile and limitations are ludicrous. How big is a begonia ? What 
are the out-sizes among Seckle pears? Where is the line between 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1941 



101 



merit and demerit when a group or arrangement allows a large 
score for "variety" and imposes a severe penalty for "crowding." 
Such cases depend largely on the good sense of the exhibitor and 
the wisdom and fairness of the judges. But in all relations be- 
tween exhibitors and judges goodwill can be maintained only by 
a careful study of the rule book before the show is set up, and 
before the awards are made. 

In seriously reviewing and revising the rule book each year our 
committee is convinced that certain difficulties of the Committee 
on Prizes are definitely avoided. We recommend that the mem- 
bers of the society read the rule book previous to each show. Noth- 




Cornucopia exhibit of the Massachusetts 
State College at the Harvest Show in 1940. 



ing can give better preparation, or a greater appreciation for the 
show than this. 

In my estimation, the finest show at Horticultural Hall is in 
October, when the bounties of nature are at their best, — the time 
when we gather and garner the harvest. Henceforth, this show is 
to be known as the Harvest Show. 

Each year, hundreds of youngsters strive for a place in the 
Exhibition of the Products of Children's Gardens in August. We 
must mention this project specifically, not only because it results 
in much actual good to the young gardeners but because here is 
our source of trained exhibitors for other shows in the future. We 
commend Miss Marian Case and her committee for what they have 
accomplished in this direction. 



102 



MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 



Little need be said of the Spring Show. An attendance of 
108,000 persons attested the excellence of this exhibition. This 
was the largest gate since the centennial exhibition in 1929. The 
movement of the crowd was greatly facilitated by the wide pas- 
sageways. The winding design of these walks, an innovation of 
1940, resulted in a much improved effect throughout. There is 
no point in eulogizing the finest pieces of this show nor reviewing 
the mistakes, except in committee. This we have already done, and 
we shall make to the in-coming committee certain suggestions. 

Let us continue to improve the labeling. Much of the educa- 
tional value is lost when labels are illegible or lacking altogether. 



1 


3' '%>, [i " &*&* 




W ^sL, \ r ' '-■ ■ ' 


A am 


* ^f/ i- .|^ '>* f Wi 


'' ' ~ J~ : 0*** 



Harvest Show in 1940. Exhibit by J. F. Cummings. 



Yet, they must not dominate the scene like tombstones in a 
cemetery. 

Instead of spreading any one motif beyond the limits of neces- 
sity or propriety, as we did this year, let us define the limits 
rigidly and use the resulting space for something different. In the 
Spring Show, particularly, duplication must be guarded against. 
The public wants variety. 

A feature of the March show was a "cook-out." Fireplace, table, 
seats and environment were pleasingly balanced. Although one 
of the smaller units, this ranked high in popularity. Any demon- 
stration of garden utility at a show will create an unfailing 
response on the part of the visitors. The front porch is out of date. 
People now live in the backyard in Summer. Let us have more 
exhibits showing the uses of the garden barbecues, children's play- 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1941 



103 



yards, tea-gardens, and any other plans which make for the 
fullest enjoyment of the home grounds. 

In addition to the eager and enthusiastic support of the govern- 
ing board of the Society, we have had much help from the mem- 
bership. But we need more. The reaction of the lay members is 
an important guide, and when this feeling is given free expression, 
the committee cannot go far astray. So, give to the president, the 
secretary, the show manager, or to a member of the committee, 
any ideas that occur to you for improvement. Because this is your 
Society, and these are your exhibitions, you should take your 
place and do you part in every way you can. 

Ray M. Koon, Chairman. 











%* 



-*%iffl | 



*^'i#*j 




■> 



>Jf-J ^ 



it 



>>. 



» 




Gourd exhibit in the Harvest Show, 1940, by Mrs. Edward M. Stuart. 



Report of the Committee on Prizes 

Your Committee on Prizes, in the past year, has worked on ten 
exhibitions, at which the total number of judges was 121, about 
the same as in previous years. 

Thirty-one gold, 33 silver and 12 bronze medals were awarded. 
I still feel that w r e give out too many gold medals, even though 
there were five less than last year. Yet we have found it a difficult 
task to keep down the number. 

As a whole, we have had few protests on the awards — perhaps 
fewer than usual. I would like to see protests practically elimi- 



104 



MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 



nated. An exhibitor by showing is asking the opinion of the 
judges. When he gets that opinion, and then protests because he 
does not agree with the judges, he is not showing good sports- 
manship. 

In dog shows, with which I have had to do for a good many 
years, if an exhibitor wishes to make a protest, he must submit 
it in writing at the office and make a deposit of ten dollars. If his 
protest is sustained, his deposit is returned; but if it is not sus- 
tained, he forfeits the money. The consequence is that one rarely 









1 v 1 

* 


^0 M&^MMrlfcmm&iczB&tP'^ 




JL * '*** 


■pi . \ .*? ^SaJ ■■ ■ 




r 



Harvest Show, 1940. The exhibit of Mr. L. G. Bruggemann. 

hears of a protest at the 500-odd dog shows held throughout the 
country during the year. 

This plan may be a trifle drastic for horticultural exhibits, and 
a five dollar deposit might be better than one of ten dollars, but I 
think some plan might be worked out along these lines to make 
exhibitors realize that the opinion of an honest judge should be 
final. 

In conclusion, any helpful suggestions or criticisms that any 
of you would care to submit to me in writing, will be gratefully 
received. 

W. P. Wolcott, Chairman. 



At the close of the meeting Miss Marian Roby Case, chairman 
of the Exhibition of the Products of Children's Gardens, gave an 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1941 105 

informal report, saying that she was being relieved of the chair- 
manship of the committee at her request. She gave a brief review 
of some of her activities in connection with the Society's work, 
especially with the purchase of the magazine. Horticulture, by 
the Society at the time the present secretary took office. Miss Case 
was the second woman to be made a member of the Board of 
Trustees, her election coming shortly after that of the late Mrs. 
Bayard Thayer. 



The Result of the Balloting 

At 6 p.m. the polls were closed, 52 votes having been cast, and 
the following were declared elected : 

President: Mr. Edwin S. Webster 
Vice-President : Mr. Charles K. Cummings 
Trustees: Mr. Aubrey Butler 

Mr. S. J. Goddard 

Dr. E. D. Merrill 

Mr. Harold S. Ross 

Mr. Robert Stone 

Mr. William P. Wolcott 



Massachusetts Horticultural Society 

CORRESPONDING MEMBERS 

1925 Rudolph D. Anstead, Bournemouth, England. 

1889 Dr. L. H. Bailey, Ithaca, New York. 

1925 F. R. S. Balfour, F.L.S., Dawyck, Stobo, Tweeddale, Scotland. 

1911 W. J. Bean, 2, Mortlake Road, Kew, England. 

1918 Desire Bois, Paris, France. 

1925 I. H. Burkill, F.L.S., "Clova," Fetcham Park, Leatherhead, 

Surrey, England. 
1921 Fred J. Chittenden, Royal Horticultural Society, Vincent Square, 

Westminster, London, England. 
1925 Woon Young Chun, Sun Yat Sen University, Canton, China. 
1925 G. W. Darnell-Smith, Director of the Sydney Botanic Gardens, 

Sj'dney, New South Wales. 
1925 Henry F. duPont, Winterthur, Delaware. 
1925 Pierre S. duPont, Wilmington, Delaware. 
1925 Charles C. Eley, M.A., F.L.S., Suffolk, England. 
1925 G. Fraser, Ucuelet, Vancouver Island, British Columbia. 
1925 W. G. Freeman, B.S.C., F.L.S., Imperial Institute, South 

Kensington, London S.W.7, England. 
1918 Professor N. E. Hansen, Brookings, South Dakota. 
1911 Professor U. P. Hedrick, Geneva, New York. 
1925 Sir Arthur W. Hill, K.C.M.G., F.R.S., F.L.S., Royal Botanic 

Gardens, Kew, Surrey, England. 
1925 Professor H. H. Hu, Fan Memorial Institute of Biology, Peking, 

China. 
1925 Mrs. C. L. Hutchinson, Lake Geneva, Wisconsin. 
1925 Charles W. Knight, Oakdale, New York. 
1921 C. E. Lane-Poole, Canberra, Australia. 
1925 C. C. Laney, Rochester, N. Y. 
1911 M. Emile Lemoine, Nancy, France. 
1925 Sir J. S. Maxwell, Bart, K.T., Pollok House, near Glasgow, 

Scotland. 
1918 J. Horace McFarland, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. 
1925 John McLaren, San Francisco, California. 
1925 Mrs. William Mercer, Doylestown, Pennsylvania. 
1925 Dr. Kingo Miyabe, Imperial University, Sapparo, Japan. 
1898 Sir Frederick W. Moore, F.L.S., Willbrook House, Rathfarnham, 

Co. Dublin, Ireland. 
1918 Dr. George T. Moore, Botanical Gardens, St. Louis, Missouri. 

106 



CORRESPONDING MEMBERS 107 

1925 F. Cleveland Morgan, Montreal, Canada. 

1925 M. L. Parde, Nogent-sur-Vernisson (Loiret), France. 

1925 I. B. Pole-Evans, C.M.G., Chief of Division and Director, Botanical 

Survey, Pretoria, Transvaal, South Africa. 
1906 Lt.-Col. Sir David Prain, C.M.G., F.R.S., F.L.S., Warlingham, 

Surrey, England. 
1925 Miss Isabella Preston, Ottawa, Canada. 
1925 Johannes Rapn, Skovfrokontoret, Copenhagen, Denmark. 
1906 Dr. Henry N. Ridley, C.M.G., F.R.S., F.L.S., M.A., Kew, Surrey, 

England. 
1925 Camillo Schneider, c/o Gartenschonheit, Berlin-Westend, 

Germany. 
1925 F. L. Skinner, Dropmore, Manitoba. 
1925 Sir William Wright Smith, F.L.S., Royal Botanic Garden, 

Edinburgh, Scotland. 
1893 Professor William Trelease, Urbana, Illinois. 
1918 F. Gomer Waterer, Knaphill, Surrey, England. 
1925 Cyril T. White, Government Botanist, Brisbane, Queensland, 

Australia. 
1921 Gurney Wilson, Secretary Royal Horticultural Society Orchid 

Committee, Vincent Square, London S.W.I, England. 

1925 John C. Wister, Germantown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 
1925 Major A. C. T. Woodward, Bewdley, Worcestershire, England. 



Bequests to the Massachusetts 
Horticultural Society 

It is hoped by the Massachusetts Horticultural Society that it 
will not be forgotten by members who find it expedient to make 
their wills. This Society's financial condition is sound and its 
investments are good, but the income from many of its invest- 
ments has declined because of decreased returns from its bond 
holdings. Expenses have naturally increased with the constantly 
growing membership, and more money is needed to extend the 
activities of the Society beyond its present limits. 

The following form of bequest is suggested : 

FORM OF BEQUEST 



I give and bequeath to the Massachusetts Horticultural Society 

located in Boston, Massachusetts, the sum of 

to be used as the Board of Trustees may 

direct for the promotion of horticulture in its various forms and 
for extending the activities of the Society along educational lines. 

Signed 





Date Due 




lElnH 


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